Shogo Shimizu

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Nicorandil, an ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP) ) channel opener and nitric oxide donor, is used in the treatment of angina and acute heart failure. Here we investigated the effects of two K(ATP) channel openers, nicorandil and cromakalim on ischaemia reperfusion (I-R) injury in the kidney. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Right nephrectomy was(More)
In the light of increasing evidence that benign prostatic hyperplasia is associated with cardiovascular disease, we have investigated the relationship between prostatic blood flow and prostatic hyperplasia in the spontaneously-hypertensive-rat (SHR). Twelve-week-old male SHRs were treated with nicorandil for six weeks. Wistar-Kyoto rats were used as(More)
INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus (DM) represents a major risk factor for erectile dysfunction (ED). Although the etiology of diabetes-induced ED is multifactorial and still unknown, reactive oxygen species are thought to be one of the key factors. AIM The aim of this article is to investigate whether administration of edaravone, a free radical scavenger,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, sivelestat sodium hydrate, on testicular ischaemia-reperfusion (IR)-injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eight-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: sham-operated control rats; IR rats (group IR); and IR rats that received intra-abdominal administration of 15 mg/kg(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of a free-radical scavenger, edaravone, on the changes occurring with acute urinary retention (AUR) and subsequent catheterization in the rat bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats were allocated to one of four groups; an AUR group that had urinary retention induced, with subsequent(More)
Although the pathogenesis of lower urinary tract symptoms, benign prostatic hyperplasia/benign prostatic enlargement and erectile dysfunction is poorly understood and thought to be multifactorial, it has been traditionally recognized that these conditions increase with age. There is increasing evidence that there is an association between cardiovascular(More)
As there is increasing evidence that benign prostatic hyperplasia and its related acute urinary retention (AUR) induce over active bladder (OAB) syndrome, we investigated the effects of AUR on bladder function over a 4-week period in a rat model. Ten-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. AUR was induced by clamping the distal urethra(More)
AIM Several studies have reported that insulin resistance raises the risk of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We conducted a prospective, case series study to test the impact of insulin resistance on the recurrence after curative radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of stage I HCC in HCV-positive patients. METHODS From January 2006 to December 2007, 226(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of edaravone, a radical scavenger, on ischaemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury in the testes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to one of four groups: a no-drug group subjected to induction of 30-min of ischaemia and 60-min reperfusion; two drug groups administered edaravone at 1 or(More)
Diabetes mellitus with the subsequent generation of reactive oxygen species represents a major risk factor for testicular dysfunction (TD). We investigate whether administration of antioxidants edaravone and taurine could prevent type 1 diabetes-induced TD in the rat. Six-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into four groups. Group A was treated with(More)