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We investigated the biogeographic history of Kalopanax septemlobus, one of the most widespread temperate tree species in East Asia, using a combined phylogeographic and palaeodistribution modelling approach. Range-wide genetic differentiation at nuclear microsatellites (G'(ST) = 0.709; 2205 samples genotyped at five loci) and chloroplast DNA (G(ST) = 0.697;(More)
A 48-year-old man with a history of asthma visited our hospital for the investigation of a high density mass at the right hilum. Laboratory data revealed elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen. A bronchoscopy was performed to rule out lung cancer; however, mucoid impaction was found without malignant or bacterial cells. On the basis of peripheral blood(More)
In the Japanese miniature (Shiba) goat, the synovial membrane contains synoviocytes referred to as type A (macrophage-like cells) and type B cells (fibroblast-like cells) in the intimal layer. Small capillaries and blood vessels of varying sizes were located in the extracellular matrix in the synovial subintima. The type A cells in the synovium possessed(More)
Expiratory flow limitation (EFL) during tidal breathing is common in patients with severe COPD, and a major determinant of dynamic hyperinflation and exercise limitation. The negative expiratory pressure (NEP) technique has been the gold standard to detect EFL, while the forced oscillation technique (FOT) has also been reported to detect it. However, the(More)
The usefulness of the forced oscillation technique (FOT) for predicting the treatment outcomes in untreated asthmatic patients is unknown. We investigated whether FOT could predict an improvement in FEV1 following treatment. FOT, spirometry, and fractional exhaled nitric oxide were performed in 31 outpatients before and after undergoing a minimum of two(More)
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