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From the genome library of Staphylococcus warneri M, the two successive cell-lysis genes (holWMY and lytWMY) were cloned and characterized. The lytWMY gene encoded a protein (LysWMY), whose calculated molecular mass and pI were 54 kDa and 8.95, respectively. When overproduced in Escherichia coli, lysWMY directed a protein of 45 kDa (smaller than the(More)
A psychrotrophic Pseudomonas sp. TK-3 was isolated from dirty and cool stream water in Toyama, Japan from which we cloned and characterized the bacterial lipase LipTK-3. The sequenced DNA fragment contains an open reading frame of 1,428 bp that encoded a protein of 476 amino acids with an estimated molecular mass of 50,132 Da. The lipase showed high(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that extracellular zinc plays a key role in transient global ischemia-induced microglial activation through sequential activation of NADPH oxidase and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1. However, it remains unclear how zinc causes the sequential activation of microglia. Here, we examined whether transporter-mediated zinc uptake(More)
A novel Acinetobacter strain, Ud-4, possessing a strong capacity to degrade edible, lubricating, and heavy oil was isolated from seawater in a fishing port located in Toyama, Japan. It was identified by morphological and physiological analyses and 16S rDNA sequencing. This strain could utilize five types of edible oils (canola oil, olive oil, sesame oil,(More)
Phototaxis in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is mediated by rhodopsin-type photoreceptor(s). Recent expressed sequence tag database from the Kazusa DNA Research Institute has provided the basis for unequivocal identification of two archaeal-type rhodopsins in it. Here we demonstrate that one is located near the eyespot, wherein the(More)
Shotgun cloning of the Lactobacillus gasseri JCM 1131T whole DNA yielded two recombinant plasmids, p118gaY1 and p118gaY2, which directed cell lysis activity. Sequencing analysis revealed that the two plasmids carried almost identical inserted genes in following orders (truncated genes, in parentheses): in p118gaY1,(More)
The timings of the administration of microbial supplements to control the populations of gut microbiota of piglets have been poorly understood. Here the effects of temporal administering multispecies microbial supplements to sows on the composition of gut microbiota and on the bacteria-mediated fecal metabolites in their offsprings were investigated. During(More)
To reduce the volume of seaweed wastes and extract polysaccharides, seaweed-degrading bacteria were isolated from drifting macroalgae harvested along the coast of Toyama Bay, Japan. Sixty-four bacterial isolates were capable of degrading “Wakame” (Undaria pinnatifida) thallus fragments into single cell detritus (SCD) particles. Amongst these, strain 6532A(More)
A novel cold-adapted lipase (designated as LipYY31) was obtained from a psychrotrophic Pseudomonas sp. YY31. The strain YY31 was gram-negative, rod shaped, motile by means of one polar flagellum, and exhibited chemotaxis toward oil droplets under a microscope. The strain displayed remarkable degradation of edible oil and fat even at 5 °C. The LipYY31 DNA(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the microbial diversity associated with Lake Nyos, a lake with an unusual chemistry in Cameroon. Water samples were collected during the dry season on March 2013. Bacterial and archaeal communities were profiled using Polymerase Chain Reaction-Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) approach of the 16S rRNA(More)