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Structural studies of symmetric homo-oligomers provide mechanistic insights into their roles in essential biological processes, including cell signaling and cellular regulation. This paper presents a novel algorithm for homo-oligomeric structure determination, given the subunit structure, that is both complete, in that it evaluates all possible(More)
Loss-of-function mutations protective against human disease provide in vivo validation of therapeutic targets, but none have yet been described for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Through sequencing or genotyping of ~150,000 individuals across 5 ancestry groups, we identified 12 rare protein-truncating variants in SLC30A8, which encodes an islet zinc transporter(More)
BACKGROUND By virtue of their shared ancestry, homologous sequences are similar in their structure and function. Consequently, multiple sequence alignments are routinely used to identify trends that relate to function. This type of analysis is particularly productive when it is combined with structural and phylogenetic analysis. RESULTS Here we describe(More)
Assignment of nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) data is a key bottleneck in structure determination by NMR. NOE assignment resolves the ambiguity as to which pair of protons generated the observed NOE peaks, and thus should be restrained in structure determination. In the case of intersubunit NOEs in symmetric homo-oligomers, the ambiguity includes both the(More)
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified many common variants associated with complex traits, low-frequency and rare variants have not been interrogated in a comprehensive manner. Imputation from dense reference panels, such as the 1000 Genomes Project (1000G), enables testing of ungenotyped variants for association. Here we present(More)
Protein structure provides insight into the evolutionary origins, functions, and mechanisms of proteins. We are pursuing a minimalist approach to protein fold identification that characterizes possible folds in terms of consistency of their geometric features with restraints derived from relatively cheap, high-throughput experiments. One such experiment is(More)
Kinases are involved in a variety of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and arthritis. In recent years, many kinase small molecule inhibitors have been developed as potential disease treatments. Despite the recent advances, selectivity remains one of the most challenging aspects in kinase inhibitor design. To interrogate kinase selectivity, a panel of 45(More)
Symmetric homo-oligomers represent a majority of proteins, and determining their structures helps elucidate important biological processes, including ion transport, signal transduction, and transcriptional regulation. In order to account for the noise and sparsity in the distance restraints used in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) structure determination of(More)
Symmetric homo-oligomers are protein complexes with similar subunits arranged symmetrically [10]. Figure 1 illustrates the structure of a symmetric homo-oligomer called phospholamban. Phospholamban is a membrane protein that helps regulate the calcium level inside the cell and hence aids in muscle contraction and relaxation [7]; ion conductance studies [5](More)
Variants associated with blood lipid levels may be population-specific. To identify low-frequency variants associated with this phenotype, population-specific reference panels may be used. Here we impute nine large Dutch biobanks (~35,000 samples) with the population-specific reference panel created by the Genome of The Netherlands Project and perform(More)