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BACKGROUND By virtue of their shared ancestry, homologous sequences are similar in their structure and function. Consequently, multiple sequence alignments are routinely used to identify trends that relate to function. This type of analysis is particularly productive when it is combined with structural and phylogenetic analysis. RESULTS Here we describe(More)
Structural studies of symmetric homo-oligomers provide mechanistic insights into their roles in essential biological processes, including cell signaling and cellular regulation. This paper presents a novel algorithm for homo-oligomeric structure determination, given the subunit structure, that is both complete, in that it evaluates all possible(More)
Loss-of-function mutations protective against human disease provide in vivo validation of therapeutic targets, but none have yet been described for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Through sequencing or genotyping of ~150,000 individuals across 5 ancestry groups, we identified 12 rare protein-truncating variants in SLC30A8, which encodes an islet zinc transporter(More)
Assignment of nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) data is a key bottleneck in structure determination by NMR. NOE assignment resolves the ambiguity as to which pair of protons generated the observed NOE peaks, and thus should be restrained in structure determination. In the case of intersubunit NOEs in symmetric homo-oligomers, the ambiguity includes both the(More)
It has been postulated that aging is the consequence of an accelerated accumulation of somatic DNA mutations and that subsequent errors in the primary structure of proteins ultimately reach levels sufficient to affect organismal functions. The technical limitations of detecting somatic changes and the lack of insight about the minimum level of erroneous(More)
Protein structure provides insight into the evolutionary origins, functions, and mechanisms of proteins. We are pursuing a minimalist approach to protein fold identification that characterizes possible folds in terms of consistency of their geometric features with restraints derived from relatively cheap, high-throughput experiments. One such experiment is(More)
In these Supplementary Materials, we give the mathematical derivation for the bounding regions of Gq, which are used in the subsection entitled Bounding which is inside the Methods section of the main paper. We have organized these Supplementary Materials as follows. The geometric structure of Gq is described in Section S2. From this geometric structure, we(More)
Kinases are involved in a variety of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and arthritis. In recent years, many kinase small molecule inhibitors have been developed as potential disease treatments. Despite the recent advances, selectivity remains one of the most challenging aspects in kinase inhibitor design. To interrogate kinase selectivity, a panel of 45(More)
Variants associated with blood lipid levels may be population-specific. To identify low-frequency variants associated with this phenotype, population-specific reference panels may be used. Here we impute nine large Dutch biobanks (~35,000 samples) with the population-specific reference panel created by the Genome of The Netherlands Project and perform(More)
Twin and family studies have established the contribution of genetic factors to variation in metabolic, hematologic and immunological parameters. The majority of these studies analyzed single or combined traits into pre-defined syndromes. In the present study, we explore an alternative multivariate approach in which a broad range of metabolic, hematologic,(More)