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Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency in the male neonate has been considered to be invariably fatal because of the severity of the hyperammonemia. An extreme degree of hyperammonemia in a male neonate was brought under control by a series of exchange transfusions, prolonged peritoneal dialysis, adequate caloric intake, and a mixture of essential amino(More)
Clinical decision support systems--interactive computer systems that help doctors make clinical choices--can reduce errors in drug prescribing by offering real-time alerts about possible adverse reactions. But physicians and other users often suffer "alert fatigue" caused by excessive numbers of warnings about items such as potentially dangerous drug(More)
Alerts and prompts represent promising types of decision support in electronic prescribing to tackle inadequacies in prescribing. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of computerized drug alerts and prompts searching EMBASE, CINHAL, MEDLINE, and PsychINFO up to May 2007. Studies assessing the impact of electronic alerts and prompts on(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a set of high-severity, clinically significant drug-drug interactions (DDIs) for use in electronic health records (EHRs). METHODS A panel of experts was convened with the goal of identifying critical DDIs that should be used for generating medication-related decision support alerts in all EHRs. Panelists included medication knowledge(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper presents the results of a systematic literature review and a formal analysis of the scientific quality of empirical research on computerized provider order-entry (CPOE) applications. DESIGN Formal, systematic review techniques were used to search the literature, determine study relevance, and evaluate study quality. MEASUREMENT A(More)
The objective of this review is to describe the implementation of human factors principles for the design of alerts in clinical information systems. First, we conduct a review of alarm systems to identify human factors principles that are employed in the design and implementation of alerts. Second, we review the medical informatics literature to provide(More)
OBJECTIVE Patient-centered approaches to improving medication adherence hold promise, but evidence of their effectiveness is unclear. This review reports the current state of scientific research around interventions to improve medication management through four patient-centered domains: shared decision-making, methods to enhance effective prescribing,(More)
Medications represent the most common intervention in health care, despite their benefits; they also lead to an estimated 1.5 million adverse drug events and tens of thousands of hospital admissions each year. Although some are not preventable given what is known today, many types are, and one key cause which is preventable is drug-drug interactions (DDIs).(More)
OBJECTIVE Alert fatigue represents a common problem associated with the use of clinical decision support systems in electronic health records (EHR). This problem is particularly profound with drug-drug interaction (DDI) alerts for which studies have reported override rates of approximately 90%. The objective of this study is to report consensus-based(More)