Shobha N. Joshi

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Entecavir is a nucleoside analogue with potent in vitro activity against lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV). This randomized, dose-ranging, phase 2 study compared the efficacy and safety of entecavir with lamivudine in lamivudine-refractory patients. METHODS Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive and -negative patients (n =(More)
UNLABELLED Up to 50% of patients with chronic hepatitis C fail to respond to initial therapy with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV). With unsuccessful viral eradication, these patients remain at risk for developing progression of their liver disease. Retreatment with PEG-IFN/RBV yields sustained virologic response (SVR) rates that are under(More)
Interstitial pneumonia in a transplant patient can have a varied etiology. Sirolimus (Rapamycin; Rapamune) is a popularly used immunosuppressant in solid organ transplantation that has anecdotally been associated with pulmonary toxicity. Sirolimus-induced pulmonary toxicity consists of a range of syndromes that is characterized by the presence of organizing(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS This is a phase II multicentre study to investigate the efficacy and safety of avatrombopag (E5501), an investigational second-generation thrombopoietin receptor agonist, administered one week prior to elective procedures in patients with thrombocytopenia secondary to cirrhosis. METHODS Adults with cirrhosis and platelet counts ⩾10 to(More)
Umbilical herniorrhaphy in cirrhotic patients with ascites is associated with a significant morbidity, recurrence rate, and mortality and therefore is often managed expectantly. Operative repair is indicated if an ascites leak or infection develops. Surgeons must consider the management of postoperative ascites to reduce recurrence rates and complications.(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C screening is now recommended for all individuals born between the years 1945-1965 in addition to individuals who have high-risk factors. Although most clinicians have extensive experience with the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, they have limited experience screening for it. METHODS We report current screening guidelines and(More)
Global QSAR models predict biological response of molecular structures which are generic in particular class. A global QSAR dataset admits structural features derived from larger chemical space, intricate to model but more applicable in medicinal chemistry. The present work is global in either sense of structural diversity in QSAR dataset or large number of(More)
Bradykinin-induced relaxation of precontracted, porcine coronary artery (PCA) rings is mediated by distinctly different endothelium-derived relaxing factors depending on the contractile agent used. Thus when contracted with KCl, bradykinin-induced relaxation of PCA rings is mediated solely by nitric oxide (NO), whereas when contracted with the thromboxane(More)
Daclatasvir (DCV) is a potent, pangenotypic nonstructural protein 5A inhibitor with demonstrated antiviral efficacy when combined with sofosbuvir (SOF) or simeprevir (SMV) with or without ribavirin (RBV) in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Herein, we report efficacy and safety data for DCV-based all-oral antiviral therapy in liver(More)
The role of the endothelium as a participant in the responses to vasoactive agents was evaluated in isolated canine hepatic artery (HA) and portal vein (PV) rings. Endothelial and smooth muscle integrity was determined by pharmacologic responses as well as by histologic examination. Smooth muscle relaxation was expressed as the percent of decrease of(More)