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Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) comprises hearing disorders with diverse pathologies of the inner ear and the auditory nerve. To date, an unambiguous phenotypical characterization of the specific pathologies in an affected individual remains impossible. Here, we evaluated the use of scalp-recorded auditory steady-state responses (ASSR) and transient(More)
The numbers of reported cases of coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California have risen dramatically over the past decade, with a 97.8% and 91.1% increase in incidence rates from 2001 to 2006 in the two states, respectively. Of those cases with reported race/ethnicity information, Black/African Americans in Arizona and Hispanics and African/Americans in(More)
Coccidioidomycosis is endemic to the southwestern United States; 60% of nationally reported cases occur in Arizona. Although the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists case definition for coccidioidomycosis requires laboratory and clinical criteria, Arizona uses only laboratory criteria. To validate this case definition and characterize the(More)
Coccidioidomycosis is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in disease-endemic areas. Because testing rates influence interpretation of reportable-disease data and quality of CAP patient care, we determined the proportion of CAP patients who were tested for Coccidioides spp., identified testing predictors, and determined the proportion of(More)
9 There is wide variation in endemic tuberculosis (TB) levels between countries and we seek to identify 10 possible causes of these differences. In this study we present an epidemiological model of Mycobacterium 11 tuberculosis infection to investigate the effects of host genetics and demographic factors on epidemic TB. 12 We discuss the general framework(More)
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