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Advances in computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have shown the benefits of using computer-based techniques to obtain quantitative image measurements of the extent of a particular disease. Such measurements provide more accurate information that can be used to better study the associations between anatomical changes and clinical findings. Unfortunately,(More)
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder characterized by a strong urge to move the legs and has been shown in many studies with abnormally low brain iron. Iron deficiency is associated with hypomyelination in brains of animals. Therefore we hypothesized that a myelin deficit should be present in the brains of patients with RLS. (More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of metabolic rate is an important part of the nutrition assessment of critically ill patients, yet there are limited data regarding the best equation to use to make this prediction. METHODS Standardized indirect calorimetry measurements were made in 202 ventilated, adult critical care patients, and resting metabolic rate was(More)
Respiratory system complications and abnormalities are common in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and respiratory failure remains the most common cause of death. Extensive epidemiological longitudinal data have documented the extent, magnitude, and clinical course of these abnormalities, but few studies have provided objective information(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with early mortality, but no prior studies have evaluated quantitative relationships of mortality to physiological measures of pre- and postcapillary PH. OBJECTIVES To identify risk factors associated with mortality and to estimate the expected survival in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and validate an equation to predict dead space to tidal volume ratio (Vd/Vt) from clinically available data in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients. DESIGN Prospective, observational study using a convenience sample of patients whose arterial blood gas and respiratory gas exchange had been measured with indirect(More)
We observed the effect of low doses of nitrous oxide on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, the cortisol output in blood and saliva, and the degree of sedation and analgesia of 20 volunteers. A psychologic screening inventory was also performed. We found nitrous oxide, at low dosage, to be primarily an anxiolytic and not an analgesic or amnesic(More)
Hydroxycarbamide therapy has been associated with significant oscillations in peripheral blood counts from myeloid, lymphoid and erythroid lineages in patients with polycythaemia vera and chronic myeloid leukaemia. We retrospectively evaluated serial blood counts over an 8-year period from 44 adult patients with sickle cell disease receiving(More)