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Manganese (Mn) accumulation in the brain is detected as symmetrical high signal intensity in the globus pallidi on T1-weighted MR images without an abnormal signal on T2-weighted images. In this review, we present several cases of Mn accumulation in the brain due to acquired or congenital diseases of the abdomen including hepatic cirrhosis with a(More)
INTRODUCTION From anatomical and angiographic studies, it is well known that there are several variations of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA). However, ACA variations have rarely been studied by magnetic resonance (MR) angiography. The purpose of this study was to investigate not only the type, location, configuration, and incidence of ACA variations, but(More)
In this pictorial review, we illustrate acquired diseases or conditions of the corpus callosum that may be found by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain, including infarction, bleeding, diffuse axonal injury, multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Marchiafava-Bignami disease, glioblastoma, gliomatosis cerebri, lymphoma,(More)
Fifty-one patients with hemifacial spasm secondary to facial nerve compression by normal appearing, elongated, tortuous and/or dilated arteries, were treated by microsurgical neurovascular decompression. Post-operatively, 91% of 44 of these patients with one to six year postoperative follow-ups were satisfactory. The angiographic findings showed significant(More)
INTRODUCTION Retrograde flow in the left dural sinuses is sometimes detected by three-dimensional time-of-flight (3D-TOF) magnetic resonance (MR) angiography. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of this phenomenon and its characteristic features on 3D-TOF MR angiograms. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed cranial MR angiography images(More)
We report three patients with a cerebrovascular accident studied serially by MRI, including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). In case 1, DWI 1 day after the onset of left frontoparietal cortical infarcts showed no abnormal signal in the left corticospinal tract. DWI 12 days after onset showed high signal in the corticospinal tract, interpreted as early(More)
Idiopathic herniation of the spinal cord is an extremely rare disorder which may cause progressive myelopathy. Two cases of this entity reported herein were both examined using MRI and CT myelography. The typical appearance of this disease with or without a dorsal intradural arachnoid cyst is focal ventral displacement of the mid-thoracic spinal cord,(More)
PURPOSE To report magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of wallerian degeneration of the pontocerebellar tract secondary to a pontine infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed cranial MR images obtained during the past seven years in our institution and selected those from patients with a chronic stage of pontine infarction and a(More)
We illustrate the various types of secondary degeneration in the brainstem and/or cerebellum detected on magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained after cerebrovascular accidents. The changes include: (a) ipsilateral nigral degeneration after striatal infarction; (b) Wallerian degeneration of the pyramidal tract in the brainstem after supratentorial pyramidal(More)