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Recent studies have showed that inflammatory responses occur in inner ear under various damaging conditions including noise-overstimulation. We evaluated the time-dependent expression of proinflammatory cytokines in noise-exposed rat cochlea. Among several detected cytokines, real-time RT-PCR showed that interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)(More)
Hearing impairment can be the cause of serious socio-economic disadvantages. Recent studies have shown inflammatory responses in the inner ear co-occur with various damaging conditions including noise-induced hearing loss. We reported pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) was induced in the cochlea 6h after noise exposure, but the(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether autophagy and AMPK contribute to premature senescence in auditory cells. Incubating HEI-OC1 auditory cells with 5 mM H2O2 for 1 h induced senescence, as demonstrated by senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining. H2O2 treatment significantly delayed population-doubling time, leaving cell(More)
p27(Kip1) (p27) has been shown to inhibit several cyclin-dependent kinase molecules and to play a central role in regulating entry into the cell cycle. Once hair cells in the cochlea are formed, p27 is expressed in non-sensory cells of the organ of Corti and prevents their re-entry into the cell cycle. In one line of p27 deficient mice (p27(-/-)), cell(More)
Mice present an ideal model for inner ear gene therapy because their genome is being rapidly sequenced, their generation time is relatively short, and they serve as a valuable model for human hereditary inner ear disease. However, the small size of the mouse inner ear poses a particular challenge for surgical procedures. We have developed a new approach for(More)
As with other cranial nerves and many CNS neurons, primary auditory neurons degenerate as a consequence of loss of input from their target cells, the inner hair cells (IHCs). Electrical stimulation (ES) of spiral ganglion cells (SGCs) has been shown to enhance their survival. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has also been shown to increase(More)
Bones conduct sound in the middle ear. The three ossicles-the malleus, incus, and stapes-form a chain that transmits vibrations from the tympanic membrane to the oval window of the inner ear. Little is known about bone remodeling events in these ossicles and about potential effects of osteoporosis on hearing loss. Osteoclastic bone resorption is enhanced in(More)
To utilize the rapidly accumulating genetic information for developing new therapeutic technologies for inner ear disease, it is necessary to design technologies for expressing transgenes in the inner ear, especially in the organ of Corti. We examined the outcome of an adenovirus gene transfer into the organ of Corti via the scala media in guinea pigs. The(More)
Perceptual benefits from the cochlear prosthesis are related to the quantity and quality of the patient's auditory nerve population. Multiple neurotrophic factors, such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), have been shown to have important roles in the survival of inner ear auditory neurons, including protection of deafferented spiral(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) overexpression in the inner ear can protect hair cells against degeneration induced by aminoglycoside ototoxicity. The protective efficiency of GDNF increases when it is combined with co-factors such as transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), a ubiquitous cytokine. The aim of this study was to(More)