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Hearing impairment can be the cause of serious socio-economic disadvantages. Recent studies have shown inflammatory responses in the inner ear co-occur with various damaging conditions including noise-induced hearing loss. We reported pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) was induced in the cochlea 6h after noise exposure, but the(More)
p27(Kip1) (p27) has been shown to inhibit several cyclin-dependent kinase molecules and to play a central role in regulating entry into the cell cycle. Once hair cells in the cochlea are formed, p27 is expressed in non-sensory cells of the organ of Corti and prevents their re-entry into the cell cycle. In one line of p27 deficient mice (p27(-/-)), cell(More)
As with other cranial nerves and many CNS neurons, primary auditory neurons degenerate as a consequence of loss of input from their target cells, the inner hair cells (IHCs). Electrical stimulation (ES) of spiral ganglion cells (SGCs) has been shown to enhance their survival. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has also been shown to increase(More)
Recent studies have showed that inflammatory responses occur in inner ear under various damaging conditions including noise-overstimulation. We evaluated the time-dependent expression of proinflammatory cytokines in noise-exposed rat cochlea. Among several detected cytokines, real-time RT-PCR showed that interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic steroid injections are used to treat idiopathic sudden-onset sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) and some inner ear disorders. Recent studies show that transtympanic (TT) steroid injections are effective for treating ISSHL. As in vivo monitoring of drug delivery dynamics for inner ear is lacking, its time course and dispersion of drugs is(More)
OBJECTIVE There is compelling evidence that tinnitus is associated with functional alterations in the central nervous system. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a potent tool for modifying neural activity at the stimulated area and at a distance along the functional anatomical connections. Depending on the stimulation parameters,(More)
To utilize the rapidly accumulating genetic information for developing new therapeutic technologies for inner ear disease, it is necessary to design technologies for expressing transgenes in the inner ear, especially in the organ of Corti. We examined the outcome of an adenovirus gene transfer into the organ of Corti via the scala media in guinea pigs. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Thus far, no objective measure has been developed to evaluate tinnitus severity. There is a close relationship between tinnitus and depression, in which brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has a pathophysiological role. To determine whether BDNF levels could be used to evaluate tinnitus severity, we evaluated plasma BDNF levels in patients(More)
We evaluated the effects of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, paroxetine, on treating tinnitus.Tinnitus patients stratified for the presence of depression and anxiety were studied retrospectively. Fifty-six patients were observed for more than 6 months. They were initially treated with paroxetine only at a dose of 10 mg/day for 2-4 weeks;(More)
There is increasing evidence to suggest that the expression of many molecules in the lateral wall of the cochlea plays an important role in noise-induced stress responses. In this study, activation of the nuclear transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) was investigated in the cochlea of mice treated with intense noise exposure (4 kHz, octave(More)