Sho Ishikawa

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Antiviral cell-mediated immunity is initiated by the dendritic cell (DC) network in lymph nodes (LNs). Plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) are known to migrate to inflamed LNs and produce interferon (IFN)-alpha, but their other roles in antiviral T cell immunity are unclear. We report that LN-recruited pDCs are activated to create local immune fields that generate(More)
Recruitment of dendritic cells (DCs) to lymph nodes (LNs) is pivotal to the establishment of immune response. Whereas DCs have been proven to undergo afferent lymphatic pathway to enter LNs from peripheral tissues, a question remains if DCs also migrate into LNs directly from the circulation. Here we demonstrate that plasmacytoid DC (pDC) precursors can(More)
We observed here that the expression of B lymphocyte chemokine (BLC/CXCL13) was markedly enhanced in the thymus and kidney in aged (NZB x NZW)F1 (BWF1) mice developing lupus nephritis, but not in similarly aged NZB and NZW mice. BLC-positive cells were present in the cellular infiltrates in the target organs with a reticular pattern of staining.(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) participate in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. We reported earlier that OPB-9195, a synthetic thiazolidine derivative and novel inhibitor of advanced glycation, prevented progression of diabetic glomerulosclerosis by lowering serum concentrations of advanced glycation end products and(More)
B1 cells have different origin and function from conventional B (B2) cells and are considered to be involved in autoantibody production in the development of autoimmune disease. We found that B1 cells preferentially accumulated in the target organs including thymus in aged BWF1 mice, a murine model for systemic lupus erythematosus, and that B lymphocyte(More)
B lymphocyte chemoattractant (BLC/CXCL13) is ectopically and highly expressed in the target organs such as the thymus and kidney in aged (NZB x NZW)F1 (BWF1) mice, a murine model for SLE. Ectopic expression of BLC/CXCL13 was attributed to mature myeloid DCs infiltrating in the target organs. DCs were also increased in the peripheral blood in aged BWF1 mice(More)
Foxp3(+) CD4(+) regulatory T (T(reg)) cells play a pivotal role in the maintenance of dominant self tolerance. Understanding how the failures of immune control by T(reg) cells are involved in autoimmune diseases is important for the development of effective immunotherapies. In the present study, we analyzed the characteristics of endogenous T(reg) cells in(More)
We previously reported that B lymphocyte chemoattractant (BLC; CXCL13) was highly and ectopically expressed in aged (NZB x NZW)F1 (BWF1) mice developing lupus nephritis, and that B1 cells were preferentially chemoattracted toward BLC. We demonstrate in this study that B1 cells fail to home to the peritoneal cavity in aged BWF1 mice developing lupus(More)