Shmuel Weinstein

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The methods commonly used for phase determination in biological crystallography are single and multiple isomorphous replacement (SIR or MIR). Both require the preparation of derivatives, usually by introducing electron-dense compounds into the crystalline lattice at a limited number of distinct locations while keeping the crystal parameters isomorphous with(More)
A better understanding of the molecular mechanism of protein biosynthesis still awaits a reliable model for the ribosomal particle. We describe here the application of a diffraction technique, namely three-dimensional image reconstruction from two-dimensional sheets of 70S ribosomes from Bacillus stearothermophilus at 47 A resolution. The three-dimensional(More)
The overall object of proteomics is to characterize all of the proteins expressed in a given cell type. With the rapid development of random gene tagging technology and high resolution fluorescence microscopy, it has become possible to generate libraries of digital images depicting the location patterns of most proteins in any given cell type. While the(More)
An electron density map of the large ribosomal subunit from Bacillus stearothermophilus was obtained at 26 A resolution by single isomorphous replacement (SIR) from a derivative formed by specific quantitative labeling with a dense undecagold cluster. For derivatization, a monofunctional reagent of this cluster was bound to a sulfhydryl group of a purified(More)
Crystals of various ribosomal particles, diffracting best to 2.9 A resolution were grown. Crystallographic data were collected from shock frozen crystals with intense synchrotron radiation at cryo temperature. For obtaining phase information, monofunctional reagents were prepared from an undecagold and a tetrairidium cluster, by attaching to them chemically(More)
1,3-dipyrenylpropane (PC3P) and bis(4-biphenylmethyl)ether, two molecules that form intramolecular excimers, were embedded in phospholipid vesicles and biological membranes to monitor dynamic properties of membrane lipids. Excimer formation was evaluated from determinations of excimer to monomer emission intensity ratios (ID/IM). ID/IM values of PC3P and(More)
Crystals, diffracting best to around 3 A, have been grown from intact large and small ribosomal subunits. The bright synchrotron radiation necessary for the collection of the higher-resolution X-ray diffraction data introduces significant decay even at cryo temperatures. Nevertheless, owing to the reasonable isomorphism of the recently improved crystals of(More)
A complex of 70S ribosomes from Thermus thermophilus together with an average of 1.5-1.8 equivalents of PhetRNA(Phe) and a short mRNA chain, composed of 35 +/- 5 uridines, was crystallized under the conditions used for the growth of crystals of isolated ribosomes from the same source. Considering the reproducibility of their growth, their internal order and(More)
[1] The Atacama Desert, one of the most arid landscapes on Earth, serves as an analog for the dry conditions on Mars and as a test bed in the search for life on other planets. During the Life in the Atacama (LITA) 2004 field experiment, satellite imagery and ground-based rover data were used in concert with a ‘follow-the-water’ exploration strategy to(More)