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Recently there has been a lot of interest in geometrically motivated approaches to data analysis in high dimensional spaces. We consider the case where data is drawn from sampling a probability distribution that has support on or near a submanifold of Euclidean space. We show how to " learn " the homology of the submanifold with high confidence. We discuss(More)
We construct examples of nonresolvable generalized n-manifolds, n ≥ 6, with arbitrary resolution obstruction, homotopy equivalent to any simply connected, closed n-manifold. We further investigate the structure of generalized manifolds and present a program for understanding their topology. By a generalized n-manifold we will mean a finite-dimensional(More)
In this paper, we take a topological view of unsupervised learning. From this point of view, clustering may be interpreted as trying to find the number of connected components of an underlying geometrically structured probability distribution in a certain sense that we will make precise. We construct a geometrically structured probability distribution that(More)
We prove that, if M is a compact oriented manifold of dimension 4k + 3, where k > 0, such that π 1 (M) is not torsion-free, then there are infinitely many manifolds that are homotopic equivalent to M but not homeomorphic to it. To show the infinite size of the structure set of M , we construct a secondary invariant τ (2) : S(M) → R that coincides with the(More)
Define the length of a finite presentation of a group G as the sum of lengths of all relators plus the number of generators. How large can be the kth Betti number b k (G) = rank H k (G) providing that G has length ≤ N and b k (G) is finite? We prove that for every k ≥ 3 the maximum b k (N) of kth Betti numbers of all such groups is an extremely rapidly(More)
Let K be a field. We show that every countable subgroup of GL(n, K) is uniformly embeddable in a Hilbert space. This implies that Novikov's higher signature conjecture holds for these groups. We also show that every countable subgroup of GL(2, K) admits a proper, affine isometric action on a Hilbert space. This implies that the Baum-Connes conjecture holds(More)
We discuss and review recent developments in the area of applied algebraic topology, such as persistent homology and barcodes. In particular, we discuss how these are related to understanding more about manifold learning from random point cloud data, the algebraic structure of simplicial complexes determined by random vertices, and, in most detail, the(More)