Shmuel Chen

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Brain damage causes multiple changes in synaptic function and intrinsic properties of surviving neurons, leading to the development of chronic epilepsy. In the widely used pilocarpine-status epilepticus (SE) rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), a major alteration is the marked increase in the fraction of intrinsically bursting CA1 pyramidal cells.(More)
In principal brain neurons, activation of Ca(2+) channels during an action potential, or spike, causes Ca(2+) entry into the cytosol within a millisecond. This in turn causes rapid activation of large conductance Ca(2+)-gated channels, which enhances repolarization and abbreviates the spike. Here we describe another remarkable consequence of spike Ca(2+)(More)
During postnatal development neurones display discharge behaviours that are not present in the adult, yet they are essential for the normal maturation of the nervous system. Neonatal CA1 pyramidal cells, like their adult counterparts, fire regularly, but excitatory GABAergic transmission drives them to generate spontaneous high-frequency bursts until(More)
Small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK or K(Ca)2) channels are widely expressed in the CNS. In several types of neurons, these channels were shown to become activated during repetitive firing, causing early spike frequency adaptation. In CA1 pyramidal cells, SK channels in dendritic spines were shown to regulate synaptic transmission. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND Early identification of cardiac asystole as a reason for syncope is of uttermost significance, as insertion of a cardiac pacemaker can save the patient's life and prevent severe injury. The aim of this work was to emphasize the subtle and unusual presentations of asystole in patients evaluated in epilepsy units. METHODS We reviewed the clinical(More)
Myocarditis consists of an inflammation of the cardiac muscle, definitively diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy. The causal agents are primarily infectious: in developed countries, viruses appear to be the main cause, whereas in developing countries rheumatic carditis, Chagas disease, and HIV are frequent causes. Furthermore, myocarditis can be indirectly(More)
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