Shmuel Banai

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BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell-specific mitogen that is angiogenic in vitro and in vivo. It has been hypothesized that VEGF plays a role in myocardial collateral formation; however, the effects of VEGF on collateral flow to ischemic myocardium are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of VEGF on(More)
Twelve consecutive patients who developed torsade de pointes (polymorphous ventricular tachycardia with marked QT prolongation, TdP) over a 4 year period were treated with intravenous injections of magnesium sulfate. In nine of the patients a single bolus of 2 g completely abolished the TdP within 1 to 5 min, and in three others complete abolition of the(More)
We sought to determine the effects of acidic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) on ischemic and normal myocardium and to determine whether direct application of acidic FGF to the heart could promote angiogenesis. Eighteen dogs underwent placement of an ameroid constrictor on the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). Three weeks later, a left internal(More)
OBJECTIVE The process of coronary collateral development is poorly understood. It is assumed that particular angiogenic factors are upregulated during episodes of myocardial ischaemia and act as a trigger for neovascularisation. However, the identity of these factors is unknown. The angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been shown(More)
BACKGROUND Elevation of C-reactive protein (CRP), among other markers of inflammation, is associated with an increased risk for cardiac events in patients with known coronary diseases and in apparently healthy individuals. Moreover, in patients with acute coronary syndromes, elevated serum levels of CRP are strongly predictive of the risk for death from(More)
BACKGROUND Signaling through protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) is a major contributor to the transmission of mitogenic stimuli to the interior of the cell and nucleus. The present study was designed to determine the effect of the tyrphostin AG1295, a selective blocker of PDGF-receptor PTK, on the growth of porcine and human smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in(More)
BACKGROUND White blood cell count is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a biomarker that can single out individuals at risk for vascular events. OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether NLR adds additional information beyond that provided by conventional risk factors and biomarkers for coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A considerable number of studies, however, showed better outcomes for overweight patients undergoing cardiovascular interventions-the so called obesity paradox. HYPOTHESIS Increased body mass index (BMI) is independently associated with improved survival following(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES In the past diabetes was strongly associated with elevated mortality rate after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Over the past decade a treatment of the ACS has evolved rapidly with major advances in the management techniques. The aim of the present study was to compare temporal trends of the outcomes of diabetic vs. non-diabetic(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) is a multifunctional peptide that may play an integral role in angiogenesis associated with coronary collateral formation and myocardial infarct healing. We sought to determine the effects of exogenously administered basic FGF on collateral blood flow to ischemic myocardium. Ameroid constrictors were used to cause(More)