Shlomo Constantini

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Recent clinical trials have reported that methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MP) or the monosialic ganglioside GM1 improves neurological recovery in human spinal cord injury. Because GM1 may have additive or synergistic effects when used with MP, the authors compared MP, GM1, and MP+GM1 treatments in a graded rat spinal cord contusion model. Spinal cord(More)
BACKGROUND Spasticity is a common neurologic disorder with adverse effects on the patient's function. Conservative management is unsuccessful in a significant proportion of patients and neurosurgical intervention should be considered. The mainstay of surgical treatment of spasticity is selective posterior rhizotomy, i.e., section of sensory nerve roots of(More)
OBJECT The goal of this paper was to investigate a possible relationship between the consumption of low-dose aspirin (LDA) and traumatic intracranial hemorrhage in an attempt to determine whether older patients receiving prophylactic LDA require special treatment following an incidence of mild-to-moderate head trauma. METHODS Two hundred thirty-one(More)
OBJECT Pediatric low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are the largest group of central nervous system neoplasms in children. Although these tumors are generally benign, 5 to 10% of patients with pediatric LGGs present with leptomeningeal dissemination. The genetic and biological nature of these tumors is poorly understood. The authors looked for certain molecular(More)
Five new patients and six previously described patients with severe limitation in maximum mouth opening following transtemporal neurosurgical procedures are described. Six patients underwent an operation for epidural hematoma and three for skull-base meningloma; two were treated with a pterional craniotomy for an aneurysm. Limited maximum mouth opening in(More)
Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is primarily a benign cutaneous disorder of non-Langerhans hystiocytic proliferation. Systemic involvement occurs in 4% of patients; isolated central nervous system (CNS) lesions are rare. We report solitary CNS-JXG lesions in two patients. A 3.5-year-old boy with a parietal-occipital lesion underwent total resection with no(More)
OBJECT The authors discuss the indications for and timing of a diagnostic neurosurgical procedure in children with diabetes insipidus (DI) and a thickened pituitary stalk (TPS) on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS Seven children with a TPS who presented with DI eventually underwent surgery for diagnostic purposes. The ages at onset of DI were 6 to(More)
OBJECTIVE To survey the current monitoring and treatment policies for patients with severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) in Israel, and to compare the management of pediatric and adult intensive care units (ICUs). DESIGN Questionnaires were sent to the medical directors of all ICUs managing STBI patients. RESULTS All 21 ICUs responded to the(More)
The cone artery, or artery of Desproges-Gotteron, is sometimes seen arising from the internal iliac artery. The authors describe a case of a symptomatic perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the conus medullaris in an 8-year-old boy who presented with a protracted history of urinary difficulty and severe sudden-onset right lumbosciatic pain that(More)
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