Shizuo Hatashita

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The aim was to identify the amyloid beta (Aβ) deposition by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with the 18F-labeled Pittsburgh compound B (PIB) derivative [18F]flutemetamol (FMM) across a spectrum of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and to compare Aβ deposition between [18F]FMM and [11C]PIB PET imaging. The study included 36 patients with AD, 68 subjects(More)
The present studies were performed to determine whether cerebral edema will develop as a consequence of arterial hypertension and/or craniectomy. Arterial hypertension was induced for 30 minutes by inflation of a balloon catheter situated in the descending aorta, and a parietal craniectomy was performed. The cerebral edema noticed was evaluated by(More)
The aim of this study is to identify mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) using amyloid imaging of beta amyloid (Aβ) deposition and FDG imaging of reflecting neuronal dysfunction as PET biomarkers. Sixty-eight MCI patients underwent cognitive testing, [11C]-PIB PET and [18F]-FDG PET at baseline and follow-up. Regions of interest(More)
Sixty patients with acute subdural hematoma were treated at Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo Hospital between 1981 and 1989. The overall mortality was 55% and the functional recovery rate 30%. Thirteen (93%) of 14 patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 3 died, while all eight patients with a GCS score of 7 or more achieved functional recovery. The(More)
Acute arterial hypertension was studied in normal cats to determine its role in the formation of brain edema. Arterial hypertension was induced for 30 minutes by inflation of a balloon catheter situated in the descending aorta. Cerebral edema was evaluated by gross and microscopic observations, tissue water content by wet/dry weights, and blood-brain(More)
The relationship of the osmotic pressure gradient between blood and brain, and the development of ischemic brain edema was studied. Focal cerebral ischemia was produced by left middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. Brain osmolality was determined with a vapor pressure osmometer, brain water content by wet-dry weight, and tissue sodium and potassium(More)
A rare case of a cystic cavernous angioma in a 20-year-old female was diagnosed preoperatively by magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. Total surgical removal resulted in a successful recovery. Cystic cavernous angioma is benign and can be completely-removed. The importance of magnetic resonance imaging in the differential diagnosis is(More)
We investigated whether [11C]-PIB PET detects underlying amyloid deposition at clinically different stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and preclinical dementia. The Japanese cohort of 214 subjects underwent cognitive testing and 60-min dynamic [11C]-PIB PET. [11C]-PIB data were acquired from 35-60 min after injection. Regions of interest were defined on(More)
Focal cerebral ischemia was produced by occluding the left middle cerebral artery in 769 rats. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier to small or large molecules was evaluated qualitatively using Evans blue or sodium fluorescein and quantitatively using the transfer indexes of iodine-125-labeled bovine serum albumin or [14C]sucrose. Water content was(More)
We examined the role of ischemic brain edema, tissue pressure gradients, and regional CBF (rCBF) in adjacent regions of cerebral cortex in cats with middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion (MCAO). Tissue pressure, rCBF, and water content were measured from gray matter in the central core and the peripheral margin of the MCA territory over 6 h after MCAO.(More)