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PURPOSE The aim was to identify the amyloid beta (Aβ) deposition by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with the (18)F-labeled Pittsburgh compound B (PIB) derivative [(18)F]flutemetamol (FMM) across a spectrum of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to compare Aβ deposition between [(18)F]FMM and [(11)C]PIB PET imaging. METHODS The study included 36(More)
The aim of this study is to identify mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) using amyloid imaging of beta amyloid (Aβ) deposition and FDG imaging of reflecting neuronal dysfunction as PET biomarkers. Sixty-eight MCI patients underwent cognitive testing, [11C]-PIB PET and [18F]-FDG PET at baseline and follow-up. Regions of interest(More)
The relationship of the osmotic pressure gradient between blood and brain, and the development of ischemic brain edema was studied. Focal cerebral ischemia was produced by left middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. Brain osmolality was determined with a vapor pressure osmometer, brain water content by wet-dry weight, and tissue sodium and potassium(More)
Focal cerebral ischemia was produced by occluding the left middle cerebral artery in 769 rats. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier to small or large molecules was evaluated qualitatively using Evans blue or sodium fluorescein and quantitatively using the transfer indexes of iodine-125-labeled bovine serum albumin or [14C]sucrose. Water content was(More)
We examined the role of ischemic brain edema, tissue pressure gradients, and regional CBF (rCBF) in adjacent regions of cerebral cortex in cats with middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion (MCAO). Tissue pressure, rCBF, and water content were measured from gray matter in the central core and the peripheral margin of the MCA territory over 6 h after MCAO.(More)
Does an open skull alter the fundamental biomechanical properties of normal brain tissue? This question was studied in 32 anesthetized cats, 16 of which underwent a standard craniectomy (2.5 X 2.0 cm) in the left frontoparietal region. Brain tissue pressure, regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), and brain water content were measured from the same area of(More)
The present studies were performed to determine whether cerebral edema will develop as a consequence of arterial hypertension and/or craniectomy. Arterial hypertension was induced for 30 minutes by inflation of a balloon catheter situated in the descending aorta, and a parietal craniectomy was performed. The cerebral edema noticed was evaluated by(More)
We studied whether a hydrostatic pressure gradient between arterial blood and brain tissue plays a role in the formation of early ischemic cerebral edema after middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in cats. Tissue pressure, regional CBF, and water content were measured from the cortex in the core and the peripheral zone of brain normally perfused by the(More)
We investigated whether [11C]-PIB PET detects underlying amyloid deposition at clinically different stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and preclinical dementia. The Japanese cohort of 214 subjects underwent cognitive testing and 60-min dynamic [11C]-PIB PET. [11C]-PIB data were acquired from 35-60 min after injection. Regions of interest were defined on(More)