Shizuko Kosugi

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BACKGROUND Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exhibits protective effects in various disease models including cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Nonetheless, mechanisms and identity of molecules responsible for neuroprotective effects of H2S remain incompletely defined. In the current study, we observed that thiosulfate, an oxidation product of H2S, mediates(More)
BACKGROUND Sudden cardiac arrest (CA) is a leading cause of death worldwide. Breathing nitric oxide (NO) reduces ischemia/reperfusion injury in animal models and in patients. The objective of this study was to learn whether inhaled NO improves outcomes after CA and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS AND RESULTS Adult male mice were subjected to(More)
In the present study, we evaluated the effect of epidural analgesia on the alterations of gut barrier function elicited by endotoxin in rabbits. After the placement of an epidural catheter, 28 male rabbits were randomized into either 0.5% lidocaine (group E) or saline (group C) group. The solutions (0.4 mL/kg) were epidurally injected, followed by(More)
BACKGROUND Preservation of gut integrity has become a therapeutic goal to obviate bacterial translocation in the critically ill. The authors examined whether olprinone, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, protected functional and structural integrity of gut mucosa against acute progressive hypoxia. METHODS Thirty-two animals were randomly allocated to a(More)
Physiological levels of H(2)S exert neuroprotective effects, whereas high concentrations of H(2)S may cause neurotoxicity in part via activation of NMDAR. To characterize the neuroprotective effects of combination of exogenous H(2)S and NMDAR antagonism, we synthesized a novel H(2)S-releasing NMDAR antagonist(More)
Assessments of tracheal diameter (TD) are important to select proper endotracheal tubes. Previous studies have used X-ray and physical indices to estimate tracheal diameter but these may not reflect the actual TD. We compared TD measured by X-ray (TD-XP) and by computer tomography (TD-CT) in 200 patients. Also, we analyzed correlation of TD-CT with physical(More)
BACKGROUND It remains to be clarified if the application of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is effective after extubation in patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure who require the sufficient level of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). This study was aimed at examining the effect and the safety of NPPV application following(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to examine the long-term outcome of percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) of the Gasserian ganglion for the 2nd division and multiple division trigeminal neuralgia (TN), compared to the isolated 3rd division TN. METHODS One hundred and forty-eight procedures performed in 89 patients with typical TN(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil-derived lipocalin-2 exerts bacteriostatic effects through retardation of iron uptake by the Gram-negative organisms like Escherichia coli. We tested the hypothesis that the expression of lipocalin-2, a bacteriostatic protein, was upregulated by induction of surgical site infection (SSI) with E coli in healthy and diseased rats and that(More)