Shizu Akasaka

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A vector plasmid, pZ189, carrying an Escherichia coli supF gene as a target for mutations, was treated with a combination of hydrogen peroxide and Fe3+/EDTA complex and propagated in E. coli host cells that had been induced for SOS functions by ultraviolet irradiation. The mutations frequency increased by up to 30-fold over spontaneous background levels(More)
We have previously reported that the majority of base substitution mutations of the Escherichia coli supF gene induced by riboflavin mediated photosensitization were G:C to C:G changes, in addition to G:C to T:A changes which were probably caused by 8-hydroxyguanine (oh(8)Gua), in wild type and mutM mutator mutant strains. This implies that lesions other(More)
A rapid and simple procedure using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed for the detection of cholera enterotoxin (CT) producing character. This method is based on amplifying a 380 base pair (bp) segment of the CT gene (ctx) which controls the production of CT. Two single-stranded oligonucleotides, synthetized to be complementary to the known(More)
Escherichia coli K12 strain KS40 and plasmid pKY241 were designed for easy screening of supF mutations in plasmid pZ189. KS40 is a nalidixic acid-resistant (gyrA) derivative of MBM7070 (lacZ(am)CA7020). Using in vitro mutagenesis, an amber mutation was introduced into the cloned gyrA structural gene, of E. coli, to give pKY241, a derivative of pACYC184.(More)
We replaced an Escherichia coli phr gene by a 1.4-kb fragment of DNA coding for resistance to chloramphenicol. Characterization of 2 deletions (phr-19 and phr-36) and 1 insertion (phr-34) in the phr gene revealed no photoreactivation. Photoreactivation-deficient strains of either recA56 or lexA1(ind-) were more sensitive to UV radiation in the dark than(More)
In vitro incubation of rat microsomal lipids with NADPH and Fe3+ in the presence of cytochrome P450 reductase produces lesions in double-stranded pZ189 plasmid DNA, the mutagenic potential of which was analyzed after transfection into Escherichia coli host cells that had been induced for SOS functions by ultraviolet irradiation. The extent of lipid(More)
Investigations were carried out to examine the mutagenic and cytotoxic effects of oxygen free radicals on E. coli. E. coli B strains with different DNA-repair capacities were exposed to methyl viologen, commonly called paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium dichloride, MV), which has been shown to act as an intracellular generator of superoxide radicals.(More)
A plasmid, pZ189, was treated with Fe2+/EDTA, and mutagenesis was determined by DNA sequencing. In the fgp+ Escherichia coli host, 78% were base substitutions, with G:C- > C:G transversion (58.7%) predominant, followed by G:C- > T:A transversion (28.3%). In the fpg-1 mutant, 88% were base substitutions among which 46% were G:C- > C:G and 42% G:C- > T:A.(More)
When 125 microM Fe2+/EDTA treated plasmid pUB3 was used to transfect an Escherichia coli NKJ2004 (nth nei) host, which is totally defective in glycosylases for thymine glycol and 5-hydroxycytosine, a 3.7 fold increase in mutation frequency was observed. Among 46 supF mutants sequenced, 28 had base substitutions, with G:C-->C:G transversion predominant (14(More)