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The objective of the present research was to explore new approach to reduce the hydrolysis time and to enhance the productivity of enzymatic saccharification. One-stage hydrolysis of steam-exploded corn stover required 72 h to reach a yield of 62.8%, while multi-stage hydrolysis could reduce the time to 24 h. A concept of three-stage hydrolysis was(More)
Candida shehatae ATCC 22984 and Pichia stipitis CBS 5776 were tested for ethanol production from xylose, glucose-xylose mixtures, and aspen wood total hydrolysates. Adaptation of these yeasts to wood hydrolysate solutions by recycling resulted in improved substrate utilization and ethanol production. Compared to the non-adapted cultures, recycled C.(More)
Low solvent concentration effect on substrate digestibility of ethanol organosolv pretreated sweetgum was examined. Surprisingly, lower ethanol concentration in organosolv pretreatments resulted in faster initial rates and higher 72h hydrolysis yields in pretreated substrates. A strong correlation (r(2)=0.96) between pretreatment combined severity factor(More)
The feasibility of three-stage hydrolysis of steam-exploded corn stover at high-substrate concentration was investigated. When substrate concentration was 30% and enzyme loading was 15-30 FPU/g cellulose, three-stage (9+9+12 h) hydrolysis could reach a hydrolysis yield of 59.9-81.4% in 30 h. Compared with one-stage hydrolysis for 72 h, an increase of 34-37%(More)
In order to realize the separated ethanol fermentation of glucose and xylose, prehydrolysis of corn stover with sulfuric acid at moderate temperature was applied, while inhibitors were produced inevitably. A complex extraction was adopted to detoxify the prehydrolyzate before fermentation to ethanol with Pichia stipitis CBS 5776. The best proportion of(More)
The prehydrolyzate obtained from acid-catalyzed steam-exploded corn stover (ASC) mainly contains xylose and a number of inhibitory compounds that inhibit ethanol fermentation by Pichia stipitis. In this study, the effects of the ASC prehydrolyzate, specifically those of the carbohydrate-degradation products, lignin-degradation products (which were extracted(More)
Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize culture conditions for the growth of Candida utilis with bamboo wastewater. A significant influence of initial pH, fermentation time and yeast extract on biomass of C. utilis was evaluated by Plackett-Burman design (PBD). These factors were further optimized using a central composite design (CCD)(More)
The influence of oxygen limitation and medium initial pH on xylose fermentation by Neurospora crassa AS 3.1602 was investigated. N. crassa AS 3.1602 has high ability of xylose fermentation producing ethanol and xylitol. Oxygen limitation has big influence on ethanol and xylitol production. The maximum conversion rate of ethanol was 63.2% obtained under(More)
Gluconobacter oxydans NL71, a selected strain in the crude lignocellulosic hydrolysate, catalyzed 600 g/liter xylose to 586.3 g/liter xylonic acid at 95.1% yield. The biocatalysis of xylose yielded three times higher than the best previous output, providing a possibility of the industrial scale utilization of lignocellulosic xylose. Due to its promising(More)
An analytical method using reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) was developed for the separation and quantitative determination of main degradation products of lignin (4-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, vanillin and syringaldehyde) during the steam exploded pretreatment for corn stovers.(More)