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It remains unclear whether autophagy affects hippocampal neuronal injury in vascular dementia. In the present study, we investigated the effects of autophagy blockade on hippocampal neuronal injury in a rat model of vascular dementia. In model rats, hippocampal CA1 neurons were severely damaged, and expression of the autophagy-related proteins beclin-1,(More)
—Clustering is one of the most popular methods for exploratory data analysis, which is prevalent in many disciplines such as image segmentation, bioinformatics, pattern recognition and statistics etc. The most famous clustering algorithm is K-means because of its easy implementation, simplicity, efficiency and empirical success. However, the real-world(More)
The olfactory receptor (OR) genes are expressed mainly in the cell membrane of olfactory sensory neurons of the nasal epithelium, and the binding of specific odorant ligands to OR proteins leads to odor detection. ORs are also expressed in non-olfactory tissues and cells, but their functions are often elusive. In this study, microarray analysis was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C is a global health problem and represents a major cause of liver disease and socioeconomic burden. Effective antiviral therapy may prevent these complications, but the current treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection does not produce sustained virologic response. Therefore, identification of the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous risk score is not simple for predicting existence of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). Our study aims to develop a simple score to predict ARAS in eastern people with ischemic heart disease. METHODS There were two data sources involved in this study. From the data source of patients with acute myocardial infarction, we(More)
Breakdown of the inner blood-retinal barrier and the blood-brain barrier is associated with changes in tight and adherens junction-associated proteins that link vascular endothelial cells. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 increases the paracellular permeability of vascular endothelial monolayers through(More)
Peripheral nerve injury is a common clinical problem. Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes peripheral nerve regeneration, but its clinical applications are limited by several constraints. In this study, we found that the time-dependent expression profiles of eight let-7 family members in the injured nerve after sciatic nerve injury were roughly similar to(More)
After traumatic injury, peripheral nerves can spontaneously regenerate through highly sophisticated and dynamic processes that are regulated by multiple cellular elements and molecular factors. Despite evidence of morphological changes and of expression changes of a few regulatory genes, global knowledge of gene expression changes and related biological(More)
The peripheral nervous system is able to regenerate after injury, and regeneration is associated with the expression of many genes and proteins. MicroRNAs are evolutionarily conserved, small, non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression at the level of translation. In this paper, we focus on the identification and functional annotation of novel(More)
Glial dysfunction is found in a number of retinal vascular diseases but its link with blood-retinal barrier (BRB) breakdown remains poorly understood. The present study tested the hypothesis that glial dysfunction is a major contributor to the BRB breakdown that is a hallmark of retinal vascular diseases. We investigated the specificity of the purportedly(More)