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Congenital defects in genital and/or gonadal development occur in 1 in 1000 humans, but the molecular basis for these defects in most cases remains undefined. We show that the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Pod1 (capsulin/epicardin/Tcf21) is essential for normal development of the testes and ovaries, and hence for sexual differentiation. The(More)
Molecular components of the glomerular filtration mechanism play critical roles in renal diseases. Many of these components are produced during the final stages of differentiation of glomerular visceral epithelial cells, also known as podocytes. While basic domain leucine zipper (bZip) transcription factors of the Maf subfamily have been implicated in(More)
Cubilin is the intestinal receptor for the endocytosis of intrinsic factor–vitamin B12. However, several lines of evidence, including a high expression in kidney and yolk sac, indicate it may have additional functions. We isolated apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), the main protein of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), using cubilin affinity chromatography. Surface(More)
Pod1 (capsulin/epicardin/Tcf21) is a basic-helix-loop-helix transcription factor that is highly expressed in the mesenchyme of developing organs that include the kidney, lung, gut, and heart. Null Pod1 mice are born but die shortly after birth due to a lack of alveoli in the lungs and cardiac defects. In addition, the kidneys are hypoplastic and demonstrate(More)
Podocytes (glomerular visceral epithelial cells) are highly specialized cells that are found in the renal glomerulus and make up a major portion of the filtration barrier between the blood and urinary spaces. Recently, the identification of a number of genes responsible for both autosomal dominant and recessive forms of human nephrotic syndrome has provided(More)
Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) is a clinical syndrome characterized by loss of renal function within days to weeks and by glomerular crescents on biopsy. The pathogenesis of this disease is unclear, but circulating factors are believed to have a major role. Here, we show that deletion of the Von Hippel–Lindau gene (Vhlh) from intrinsic(More)
Mouse mutations have provided tremendous insights into the molecular basis of renal and glomerular development. However, genes often play important roles during multiple stages of nephrogenesis, making it difficult to determine the role of a gene in a specific cell lineage such as the podocyte. Conditional gene targeting and chimeric analysis are two(More)
The glomerular filtration barrier separates the blood from the urinary space and consists of two major cell types: podocytes and fenestrated endothelial cells. Mesangial cells sit between the capillary loops and provide structural support. Proliferation and loss of mesangial cells both are central findings in a number of renal diseases, including diabetic(More)
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