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The present study was to investigate depression and alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis function in methamphetamine (METH) abusers after abstinence. Depression was assessed using the 13-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13) scale; blood samples from in-patients who were METH abusers and(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression by inhibiting translation of target messenger RNAs (mRNAs) through pairing with miRNA recognition elements (MREs), usually in 3′-UTRs. miRNAs are involved in the pathogenesis of several types of cancers. Specifically, microRNA-32 (miR-32) is overexpressed in colorectal carcinoma, wherein accumulating evidence(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research has shown that electro-acupuncture (EA) may be effective for functional constipation. We report a protocol for a randomized controlled trial using EA to confirm the efficacy and safety for severe chronic functional constipation. METHODS/DESIGN This is a randomized, controlled trial. A total of 1,034 patients will be randomly(More)
Placebo control is a useful method for determining the efficacy of a therapy. In acupuncture researches, the preferred method for placebo control is acupuncture using a placebo needle that has a blunt tip and achieves no skin penetration. We performed a crossover study to validate the blinding effect of a new type of placebo needle. Sixty volunteers were(More)
BACKGROUND Chinese herbal medicine is one of the most popular Chinese medicine (CM) therapies for primary insomnia. One of the important characteristics of CM is that different Chinese clinicians give different prescriptions even for the same patient. However, there must be some fixed drug patterns in every clinician's prescriptions. This study aims to(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) have increased dramatically in East-south Asia, especially in China. Most ATS users suffered from psychosis comorbidity, and depression is the main syndrome in ATS users. METHODOLOGY A cross-sectional study of depressive symptoms and associated factors among ATS users was conducted in(More)
BACKGROUND Acupuncture is safe and may be effective for severe chronic constipation. The World Gastroenterology Organisation recommends prucalopride for patients for whom previous laxative use failed to provide satisfactory relief. METHODS/DESIGN In this prospective, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial, five hundred sixty patients with severe(More)
Software APIs often contain too many methods and parameters for developers to memorize or navigate effectively. Instead, developers resort to finding answers through online search engines and systems such as Stack Overflow. However, the process of finding and integrating a working solution is often very time-consuming. Though code search engines have(More)
In the early stages of designing graphical user interfaces (GUIs), the look (appearance) can be easily presented by sketching, but the feel (interactive behaviors) cannot, and often requires an accompanying description of how it works (Myers et al. 2008). We propose to use crowdsourcing to augment early sketches with interactive behaviors generated, used,(More)
BACKGROUND Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is widely recognized as an effective method of combatting narcotic addiction. MMT reduces heroin withdrawal symptoms and, thus, makes it possible to provide the psychological and social support that is essential to the rehabilitation of drug users. AIM Compare the severity of depressive symptoms in heroin(More)