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Shear stress, the tangential component of hemodynamic forces, activates many signal transduction pathways in vascular endothelial cells. The conversion of mechanical stimulation into chemical signals is still unclear. We report here that shear stress (12 dynes/cm2) induced a rapid and transient tyrosine phosphorylation of Flk-1 and its concomitant(More)
The recently developed DNA microarray technology provides a powerful and efficient tool to rapidly compare the differential expression of a large number of genes. Using the DNA microarray approach, we investigated gene expression profiles in cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) in response to 24 h of laminar shear stress at 12 dyn/cm(2). This(More)
Permissive hypercapnia, involving tolerance to elevated Pa(CO(2)), is associated with reduced acute lung injury (ALI), thought to result from reduced mechanical stretch, and improved outcome in ARDS. However, deliberately elevating inspired CO(2) concentration alone (therapeutic hypercapnia, TH) protects against ALI in ex vivo models. We investigated(More)
This study was designed to elucidate the mechanism underlying the inhibition of endothelial cell growth by laminar shear stress. Tumor suppressor gene p53 was increased in bovine aortic endothelial cells subjected to 24 h of laminar shear stress at 3 dynes (1 dyne = 10 microN)/cm(2) or higher, but not at 1.5 dynes/cm(2). One of the mechanisms of the(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the upstream signaling mechanism that mediates the fluid shear stress activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). Our results indicate that p60src is rapidly activated by fluid(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical characteristics of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-induced abdominal pain in a cohort in South China and identify the risk factors for SLE-induced abdominal pain. METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study of SLE patients with complaint of abdominal pain admitted to the first affiliated university hospital of Sun(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical characteristics of lupus mesenteric vasculitis (LMV) and identify the potential factors and appropriate treatments that are associated with disease relapse and prognosis in LMV. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was performed among patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yet-sen University between(More)
Heat shock protein 65 (Hsp65) is an important immunodominant antigen against tuberculosis (TB), and interleukin-2 (IL-2) plays an important role in the regulation of antimycobacteria immune responses. In order to further increase the immunogenicity of Hsp65 against infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), we expressed MTB Hsp65 and human IL-2(More)
The members of Poxviridae family are among the most complex of animal viruses and subfamily members infect both vertebrate (Chordopoxvirinae) and invertebrate (Entomopoxvirinae) hosts, respectively. Vaccinia virus (VV) is the most commonly studied vertebrate virus and the entomopoxvirus of Amsacta moorei (AmEPV) is the prototypic insect virus. AmEPV, while(More)
We present a computer simulation model of Wheeler's delayed choice experiment that is a one-to-one copy of an experiment reported recently (V. Jacques et al., Science 315, 966 (2007)). The model is solely based on experimental facts, satisfies Einstein's criterion of local causality and does not rely on any concept of quantum theory. Nevertheless, the(More)