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Shear stress, the tangential component of hemodynamic forces, activates many signal transduction pathways in vascular endothelial cells. The conversion of mechanical stimulation into chemical signals is still unclear. We report here that shear stress (12 dynes/cm2) induced a rapid and transient tyrosine phosphorylation of Flk-1 and its concomitant(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the upstream signaling mechanism that mediates the fluid shear stress activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). Our results indicate that p60src is rapidly activated by fluid(More)
Vitamin A is essential for normal embryonic cardiogenesis. The vitamin A-deficient phenotype in the avian embryo includes an abnormal heart tube closed at the sinus venosus and the absence of large vessels that normally connect the embryonic heart to the developing circulatory system. In vitamin A-deficient embryos the expression of cardiomyocyte(More)
Vitamin A-deficient (VAD) quail embryos have severe abnormalities, including a high incidence of reversed cardiac situs. Using this model we examined in vivo the physiological function of vitamin A in the left/right (L/R) cardiac asymmetry pathway. Molecular analysis reveals the expression of early asymmetry genes activin receptor IIa, sonic hedgehog,(More)
Permissive hypercapnia, involving tolerance to elevated Pa(CO(2)), is associated with reduced acute lung injury (ALI), thought to result from reduced mechanical stretch, and improved outcome in ARDS. However, deliberately elevating inspired CO(2) concentration alone (therapeutic hypercapnia, TH) protects against ALI in ex vivo models. We investigated(More)
This study was designed to elucidate the mechanism underlying the inhibition of endothelial cell growth by laminar shear stress. Tumor suppressor gene p53 was increased in bovine aortic endothelial cells subjected to 24 h of laminar shear stress at 3 dynes (1 dyne = 10 microN)/cm(2) or higher, but not at 1.5 dynes/cm(2). One of the mechanisms of the(More)
In order to better understand the broad applicability of adenovirus (Ad) as a vector for human vaccine studies, we compared four adenovirus (Ad) vectors from families C (Ad human serotype 5 [HAdV-5; here referred to as AdHu5]), D (HAdV-26; here referred to as AdHu26), and E (simian serotypes SAdV-23 and SAdV-24; here referred to as chimpanzee serotypes 6(More)
Heat shock protein 65 (Hsp65) is an important immunodominant antigen against tuberculosis (TB), and interleukin-2 (IL-2) plays an important role in the regulation of antimycobacteria immune responses. In order to further increase the immunogenicity of Hsp65 against infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), we expressed MTB Hsp65 and human IL-2(More)
The recently developed DNA microarray technology provides a powerful and efficient tool to rapidly compare the differential expression of a large number of genes. Using the DNA microarray approach, we investigated gene expression profiles in cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) in response to 24 h of laminar shear stress at 12 dyn/cm(2). This(More)
INTRODUCTION Both concealed conduction and dual pathway physiology are important electrophysiologic characteristics of the AV node. The interaction of AV nodal concealment and duality, however, is not clearly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS The properties of AV conduction curves in the presence and absence of a conditioning blocked impulse were(More)