Shivaprakash Jagalur Mutt

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Adipose tissue inflammation is an important pathological process in obese people, associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] inhibits cytokine secretion from adipocytes via direct inhibition of transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). We utilized two different human models.(More)
STUDY QUESTION What is the effect of alternative administration routes of combined contraceptives (CCs) on androgen secretion, chronic inflammation, glucose tolerance and lipid profile? SUMMARY ANSWER The use of oral, transdermal and vaginal CCs impairs glucose tolerance and induces chronic inflammation. WHAT IS KNOWN AND WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS Oral CCs(More)
The pandemic increase in obesity is inversely associated with vitamin D levels. While a higher BMI was causally related to lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), no evidence was obtained for a BMI lowering effect by higher 25(OH)D. Some of the physiological functions of 1,25(OH)2D3 (1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol or calcitriol) via its receptor within the(More)
The acute glycemic effects of concentrated dietary fibers (DF) versus whole-grain rye were studied in porto-arterial catheterized pigs. Two white wheat breads with wheat arabinoxylan (AX) or oat β-glucan (BG), two rye breads with intact rye kernels (RK) or milled rye (GR), and a low DF white wheat bread were fed to six pigs in a randomized crossover design.(More)
Insulin resistance is a characteristic feature of Type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Currently used thiazolidinedione (TZD) insulin sensitizers although effective, have adverse side effects of weight gain, fluid retention and heart failure. Using fat cell-based phenotypic drug(More)
Introduction Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with increased mortality in patients that are critically ill. This study explored whether vitamin D levels were associated with 90-day mortality in severe sepsis or septic shock. Methods Plasma vitamin D levels were measured on admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) in a prospective multicentre(More)
Increased dietary fiber (DF) fermentation and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production may stimulate peptide tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY) secretion. In this study, the effects of hindgut SCFA production on postprandial PYY plasma levels were assessed using different experimental diets in a porto-arterial catheterized pig model. The pigs were fed experimental(More)
Metabolic syndrome is a widely prevalent multifactorial disorder associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. High plasma levels of insulin and glucose due to insulin resistance are a major component of the metabolic disorder. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are potent PPARγ ligand and used as insulin sensitizers in(More)
Deficiency of vitamin D is associated with increased risk of several types of cancer including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, factors contributing to low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in CRC are not clear. Therefore, in this study serum 25(OH)D levels in 117 CRC patients and 86 controls were analyzed and correlated with the clinicopathological(More)
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