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Hardware Trojans (HT) inserted in integrated circuits have received special attention of researchers. In this paper, we present firstly a novel HT detection technique based on path delays measurements. A delay model, which considers intra-die process variations, is established for a net. Secondly, we show how to detect HT using ElectroMagnetic (EM)(More)
Second-order side-channel attacks are used to break first-order masking protections. A practical reason which often limits the efficiency of second-order attacks is the temporal localisation of the leaking samples. Several leakage samples must be combined which means high computational power. For second-order attacks, the computational complexity is(More)
The Tree-based FPGA offers better density and timing determinism than traditional mesh-based FPGA. Moreover, thanks to its multilevel structure, it offers greater easiness to balance dual signals in terms of routing resources number. In this paper, we study the use of the Wave Dynamic Differential Logic (WDDL) on a custom tree-based FPGA of 2048 cells. The(More)
—Detecting hardware trojans is a difficult task in general. In this article we study hardware trojan horses insertion and detection in cryptographic intellectual property (IP) blocks. The context is that of a fabless design house that sells IP blocks as GDSII hard macros, and wants to check that final products have not been infected by trojans during the(More)
In this paper, we present BCDL (Balanced Cell-based Dual-rail Logic), a new counter-measure against Side Channel Attacks (SCA) on cryptoprocessors implementing symmetrical algorithms on FPGA. BCDL is a DPL (Dual-rail Precharge Logic), which aims at overcoming most of the usual vulnerabilities of such counter-measures, by using specific synchronization(More)
Wave Dynamic Differential Logic (WDDL) is a hiding countermeasure to thrawt side channel attacks (SCA). It suffers from a vulnerability called Early Evaluation, <b>i.e.</b> calculating output before all inputs are valid. This causes delay biases in WDDL even when synthesized with positive gates. s a consequence, the design can be attacked, although with(More)
The main challenge when implementing cryptographic algorithms in hardware is to protect them against attacks that target directly the device. Two strategies are customarily employed by malevolent adversaries: observation and differential perturbation attacks, also called SCA and DFA in the abundant scientific literature on this topic. Numerous research(More)
Modern field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) are power packed with features to facilitate designers. Availability of features like large block memory (BRAM), digital signal processing cores, and embedded CPU makes the design strategy of FPGAs quite different from ASICs. FPGAs are also widely used in security-critical applications where protection against(More)