Shiva Shanker

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INTRODUCTION This systematic review evaluated root resorption as an outcome for patients who had orthodontic tooth movement. The results could provide the best available evidence for clinical decisions to minimize the risks and severity of root resorption. METHODS Electronic databases were searched, nonelectronic journals were hand searched, and experts(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perception of facial attractiveness in profile digital photographs that were incrementally altered to produce different combinations of mandibular anteroposterior positions and lower anterior facial heights. The specific aims were to determine whether there is concordance between providers and(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the treatment and posttreatment maxillary changes achieved with maxillary protraction therapy. The cephalometric records of 25 consecutively treated Chinese children with Class III malocclusions (mean age 8.4 years) were analyzed for cephalometric A point changes, which were then compared with an untreated, age and(More)
The life course of affective episodes was determined for 95 consecutively admitted patients from eastern India fulfilling RDC criteria for definite mania during the current episode, using SADS-L interviews. There was a significantly greater frequency of manic compared to depressive relapses. Presentation as recurrent mania was very common. The total numbers(More)
INTRODUCTION Reports comparing Class III patients treated by camouflage and those treated by orthognathic surgery are not numerous. The purpose of this study was to compare the dental and skeletal values of Class III patients treated with these methods against normative data and over the course of treatment. METHODS Thirty-three surgical and 39 camouflage(More)
Orthodontic studies over several decades have found generally inconsistent opinions among dentists when evaluating orthodontic treatment need. There has also been recent concern that dental school education does not sufficiently prepare dentists to diagnose malocclusion and make appropriate referrals of potential orthodontic patients. The purpose of this(More)
INTRODUCTION The information that details dental changes accompanying presurgical and postsurgical orthodontic treatment during orthognathic surgery treatment is disappointing and results in less than ideal surgical change, but it is largely derived from university clinic samples with patients treated by residents (clinical novices). In this study, we(More)
INTRODUCTION Few published reports detail the dental changes produced by orthodontic treatment in conjunction with orthognathic surgery. METHODS Thirty-four Class II subjects who underwent surgical-orthodontic treatment with mandibular advancement and rigid fixation were selected, and their lateral cephalograms were digitized. Mean skeletal and dental(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine outcomes after the maxillary removal and reinsertion (MRR) approach for the treatment of anterior cranial base tumors in pediatric patients. DESIGN Eligible patients were identified by medical record review. Consenting patients were studied via rhinoscopy, fiberoptic endoscopy, standard facial photographs, and cephalometric(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this preliminary study was to assess the nature of associations between selected dentofacial morphological variables and respiratory mode as measured by percent nasality (%N) as part of an ongoing longitudinal study. DESIGN Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION The Pediatric Clinical Study Center, Children's(More)