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We performed this study to assess whether low dose spironolactone could be administered in hemodialysis (HD) patients with moderate to severe heart failure to improve cardiovascular function and reduce hospitalization without inducing hyperkalemia. We enrolled 16 chronic HD patients with moderate to severe heart failure and left ventricle ejection fraction(More)
INTRODUCTION Diabetic nephropathy is the most prevalent cause of end-stage renal disease. Besides factors such as angiotensin II, cytokines, and vascular endothelial growth factor, uric acid may play a role as the underlying cause of diabetic nephropathy. We evaluated allopurinol effects on proteinuria in diabetic patients with nephropathy. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Critical analysis of shortcomings of emergency medical management of earthquake casualties will provide an invaluable insight to improve outcomes for future events. Using a critical analysis methodology to evaluate the quality of emergency medical management after Bam earthquake, we suggest a practical strategic approach to decrease morbidity and(More)
BACKGROUND Post-transplant infection with polyoma viruses (BK and JC viruses) is an important cause of graft loss and nephropathy. The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of BK and JC viruria in renal transplant recipients with and without graft dysfunction. METHODS In a case-control study, we selected 60 kidney transplant patients with(More)
Kidney transplant recipients are susceptible to various infections due to the use of immunosuppressive drugs. The present study was performed as studies on the prevalence of intestinal fungal and parasitic infections in kidney transplant recipients are limited. A total of 150 kidney transplant recipients and 225 matched immunocompetent outpatients, who were(More)
INTRODUCTION Culture-negative peritonitis is a major challenge in the treatment of peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). This study aimed to evaluate the culture-negative peritonitis in patients from the Iranian CAPD Registry. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data of 1472 patients from 26 CAPD centers were analysed. Peritonitis was defined(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients is higher than the general population. Vitamin D receptors exist in myocardium inhibit cardiac hypertrophy. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is a neurohormone secreted by the heart in response to ventricular mass increase. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of oral(More)
AIM Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is one of the most common forms of glomerulonephritis leading to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A few clinical and paraclinical factors are considered as contributing factors in progression rate. However, there are controversial reports on the relationship between ACE gene polymorphism and rapidity of(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in transplant candidates is very important. The tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) are standard immunologic tools for LTBI detection. The aim of this study was to compare the TST results and T-SPOT(®).TB test (a type of IGRAs) in kidney transplant candidates for(More)
BACHGROUND Peritonitis and exit site (ES) infection are two main complications of peritoneal dialysis. There are some controversies regard to preventive strategies for ES care. In this study we compared peritonitis and ES infection rates in patients with and without dressing. MATERIALS AND METHODS This historical cohort study carried out on 72 patients(More)