Shiva Safavi

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Activation-induced deaminase converts deoxycytidine to deoxyuridine at the Ig loci. Complementary pathways, initiated by the uracil-DNA glycosylase (UNG) or the mismatch repair factor MSH2/MSH6, must process the deoxyuridine to initiate class-switch recombination (CSR) and somatic hypermutation. UNG deficiency most severely reduces CSR efficiency and only(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is accepted as an inflammatory disease. Evidence suggests that inflammation evoked by injury plays a pathogenic role in all stages of atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate whether the high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) a proinflammatory cytokine/nuclear protein, which is derived from both injured endothelium and(More)
The effect of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) on the morphologic features of cells and cellular enzyme release was studied in Langendorf-perfused rat hearts at 37 C. Ten percent DMSO greatly reduced the magnitude of oxygen-induced creatine kinase release (O2-CK) after a 60-minute period of hypoxic perfusion. DMSO also protected cells from development of severe(More)
Activation induced deaminase (AID) initiates somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination of the Ig genes in antigen-activated B cells, underpinning antibody affinity maturation and isotype switching. AID can also be pathogenic by contributing to autoimmune diseases and oncogenic mutations. Moreover, AID can exert noncanonical functions when(More)
Activation-induced deaminase (AID) initiates antibody gene diversification by creating G:U mismatches in the immunoglobulin loci. However, AID also deaminates nonimmunoglobulin genes, and failure to faithfully repair these off-target lesions can cause B cell lymphoma. In this study, we identify a mechanism by which processing of G:U produced by AID at the(More)
Activation-induced deaminase converts deoxycytidine to deoxyuridine at the Ig loci. Complementary pathways, initiated by the uracil-DNA glycosylase (UNG) or the mismatch repair factor MSH2/MSH6, must process the deoxyuridine to initiate class-switch recombination (CSR) and somatic hypermutation. UNG deficiency most severely reduces CSR efficiency and only(More)
During calcium-free perfusion, anoxic contracture of myocardial cells causes cells to separate at intercalated disks and leads to an energy-independent enzyme release in the absence of active transmembrane calcium fluxes. It is proposed that contracture mediates membrane damage and enzyme release in cells sensitized to the calcium paradox.
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