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Although Mycobacterium tuberculosis is eradicated rapidly during therapy in some patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, it can persist for many months in others. This study examined the relationship between mycobacterial drug tolerance (delayed killing in vitro), persistence, and relapse. It was performed with 39 fully drug-susceptible isolates from a(More)
The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing worldwide. The increase in the burden is a major concern in developing countries like India. It is well-established that hypertension and dyslipidemia are the two major contributing risk factors for CVD. Various epidemiological studies have shown the prevalence of the co-existence of hypertension and(More)
BACKGROUND ACU-4429 is a first in class small-molecule visual cycle modulator that inhibits the isomerase complex and, in mouse models of retinal degeneration, prevents the accumulation of A2E. The purpose of this study was to assess the tolerability, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of a single, orally administered dose of ACU-4429 in healthy(More)
The sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are a novel class of glucose-lowering drugs which act by inhibiting the reabsorption of filtered glucose from the kidneys. Their effect on insulin and glucagon levels has recently been studied but is not fully explained. This communication proposes various hypotheses: A direct effect of SGLT-2(More)
BACKGROUND Emixustat hydrochloride (formerly ACU-4429) is a nonretinoid compound with a unique mode of action in the retinal pigment epithelium, where it modulates the biosynthesis of visual chromophore through its effect on retinal pigment epithelium-specific 65 kDa protein isomerase. This study provides clinicians with a background for understanding the(More)
Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who relapse after autologous transplantation have limited therapeutic options. We conducted a prospective, multicenter, phase IIa study to investigate the safety and efficacy of i.v. busulfan (Bu) in combination with bortezomib as a conditioning regimen for a second autotransplantation. Because a safe Bu exposure was(More)
Delamanid is a medicinal product approved for treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Three studies were conducted to evaluate the potential drug-drug interactions between delamanid and antiretroviral drugs, including ritonavir, a strong inhibitor of CYP3A4, and selected anti-TB drugs, including rifampin, a strong inducer of cytochrome P450 (CYP)(More)
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES The number of people with diabetes is increasing exponentially in India. Owing to a unique "Asian Indian Phenotype," Indians develop diabetes a decade earlier and have an earlier onset of complications than Western populations. Therefore, it is essential to evaluate more effective treatment strategies at an earlier stage of disease(More)
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