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BACKGROUND The DNA repair gene XRCC4, an important caretaker of overall genome stability, is thought to play a major role in the development of human carcinogenesis. However, the association of the polymorphic variants of XRCC4 with oral cancer susceptibility has never been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this hospital-based case-control study, the(More)
Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi A is a highly clonal organism; pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) is insufficient in discriminating isolates. A multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) was developed, and its usefulness in discriminating isolates was compared. PFGE analysis with XbaI and BlnI discriminated 55 isolates into 14(More)
We evaluated 11 variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) markers for the epidemiological investigation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) infection and compared the results to those obtained by PFGE. PFGE, using one or two restriction enzymes (XbaI and BlnI), was insufficient to differentiate between some isolates that were epidemiologically(More)
In the past decades, the incidence of cancer keeps its rapid increasing step all over the world and cancer is always an important threat to public health. It is believed that cancer is resulted from a series of genetic alterations leading to progressive disorder of the normal mechanisms controlling cell proliferation, differentiation, death, and/or genomic(More)
The DNA repair gene X-ray cross-complementing group 4 (XRCC4), a member of the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair system, plays a major role in the repair of the double-strand breaks of the DNA sequence. This gene is critical to the maintenance of overall genome stability, and is also thought to play a key role in human carcinogenesis. In this(More)
AIM To evaluate the association between the polymorphisms of the Exo1 gene and the risk of lung cancer in central Taiwan. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this hospital-based study, the association of Exol A-1419G (rs3754093), C-908G (rs10802996), A238G (rs1776177), C498T (rs1635517), K589E (rs1047840), G670E (rs1776148), C723R (rs1635498), L757P (rs9350) and(More)
A multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) method was developed and evaluated for the subtyping of Shigella sonnei isolates. A total of 26 VNTR loci were identified by exploring the repeat sequence loci in the genomic sequences of S. sonnei strains Ss046 and 53G and by testing 536 isolates that had previously been characterized by(More)
We identified 16 variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) loci for Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. These VNTRs were evaluated with panels of 183 diverse isolates, 203 closely related isolates and 54 isolates from seven outbreaks. The evaluations revealed that five of the 16 VNTRs had diversity values greater than 0.5, and three (STTR5, STTR6 and(More)
The DNA repair gene Ku70, an important caretaker of the overall genome stability, is thought to play a major role in the DNA double strand break repair system. It is known that defects in double strand break repair capacity can lead to irreversible genomic instability. However, the polymorphic variants of Ku70 and their association with oral cancer(More)
To investigate global epidemiology of Shigella sonnei, we performed multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis of 1,672 isolates obtained since 1943 from 50 countries on 5 continents and the Pacific region. Three major clonal groups were identified; 2 were globally spread. Type 18 and its derivatives have circulated worldwide in recent decades.