Shiteshu Shrimal

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We describe two unreported types of congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) which are caused by mutations in different isoforms of the catalytic subunit of the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST). Each isoform is encoded by a different gene (STT3A or STT3B), resides in a different OST complex and has distinct donor and acceptor substrate specificities with(More)
Metazoan organisms assemble two isoforms of the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) that have different catalytic subunits (STT3A or STT3B) and partially nonoverlapping roles in asparagine-linked glycosylation. The STT3A isoform of the OST is primarily responsible for co-translational glycosylation of the nascent polypeptide as it enters the lumen of the(More)
Stabilization of protein tertiary structure by disulfides can interfere with glycosylation of acceptor sites (NXT/S) in nascent polypeptides. Here, we show that MagT1, an ER-localized thioredoxin homologue, is a subunit of the STT3B isoform of the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST). The lumenally oriented active site CVVC motif in MagT1 is required for(More)
Asparagine linked glycosylation of proteins is an essential protein modification reaction in most eukaryotic organisms. N-linked oligosaccharides are important for protein folding and stability, biosynthetic quality control, intracellular traffic and the physiological function of many N-glycosylated proteins. In metazoan organisms, the(More)
As a major site of protein biosynthesis, homeostasis of the endoplasmic reticulum is critical for cell viability. Asparagine linked glycosylation of newly synthesized proteins by the oligosaccharyltransferase plays a central role in ER homeostasis due to the use of protein-linked oligosaccharides as recognition and timing markers for glycoprotein quality(More)
Asparagine-linked glycosylation of proteins by the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) occurs when acceptor sites or sequons (N-x≠P-T/S) on nascent polypeptides enter the lumen of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Metazoan organisms assemble two isoforms of the OST that have different catalytic subunits (STT3A or STT3B) and partially non-overlapping cellular(More)
A defect in the assembly of the oligosaccharide donor (Dol-PP-GlcNAc(2)Man(9)Glc(3)) for N-linked glycosylation causes hypoglycosylation of proteins by the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST). Mammalian cells express two OST complexes that have different catalytic subunits (STT3A or STT3B). We monitored glycosylation of proteins in asparagine-linked(More)
The complexing of histones with DNA and the resulting condensation of chromatin protects mammalian cell, from radiation-induced strand breakage. In the present study, benzimidazoles DMA and TBZ showed marked radioprotection through drug-induced compaction of chromatin and direct quenching of free radicals generated by radiation. The mammalian cells were(More)
Asparagine (N)-linked glycosylation is a protein modification critical for glycoprotein folding, stability, and cellular localization. To identify small molecules that inhibit new targets in this biosynthetic pathway, we initiated a cell-based high-throughput screen and lead-compound-optimization campaign that delivered a cell-permeable inhibitor, NGI-1.(More)