Shiro Yokoyama

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We investigated associations among intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and polymorphisms of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and methionine synthase (MTR) genes and breast cancer risk in a Japanese population. A hospital based, case-control study was conducted in Nagano Prefecture, Japan, in 388 pairs of patients with(More)
Although many studies have examined associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CYP1A1, CYP1A2 and CYP1B1 genes and breast cancer risk, no study has examined functional SNPs in the CYP3A5 gene and only a small number of studies have been investigated in Japanese populations. To examine the association between six SNPs, CYP1A1(*)2A,(More)
Cadmium, an environmental pollutant, may act like an estrogen and be a potential risk factor for estrogen-dependent diseases such as breast cancer. We examined the hypothesis that higher dietary cadmium intake is associated with risk of overall and hormone receptor-defined breast cancer in Japanese women, a population with a relatively high cadmium intake.(More)
Although epidemiologic studies have shown an inverse association between isoflavones and breast cancer risk, little evidence for a dose–response relation is available. We conducted hospital-based case–control studies of patients aged 20–74 years with primary, incident, histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer, and matched controls from medical(More)
Most epidemiological studies of the association between breast cancer risk and exposure to organochlorine pesticides or polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which are suspected endocrine disrupters and potential risk factors for human breast cancer, have been conducted in western countries, and the majority of results have been null and the rest inconsistent.(More)
The prevalence of BRCA1/2 germline mutations in Japanese patients suspected to have hereditary breast/ovarian cancer was examined by a multi-institutional study, aiming at the clinical application of total sequencing analysis and validation of assay sensitivity in Japanese people using a cross-sectional approach based on genetic factors estimated from(More)
Physical activity may decrease breast cancer risk. However, it is unclear what intensity of exercise and during which life periods this effect on decreasing risk is efficiently expressed, and whether the associations differ by the estrogen-/progesterone- receptor (ER/PR) status of tumors. We investigated associations between age- and intensity-specific(More)
Previous studies showing the presence of antibodies against tumor-associated antigens in healthy individuals suggest that antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) might play a role in the development of breast cancer. We hypothesized that functional polymorphisms in fragment c gamma receptor (FcgR) genes were associated with breast cancer risk. We(More)
We tested the hypothesis that polymorphisms in cytochrome P450c17alpha (CYP17), aromatase (CYP19), 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type I (17beta-HSD1) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) genes may modify the association between isoflavone intake and breast cancer risk. We conducted hospital-based, case-control studies in Nagano, Japan and Sao(More)
Although many in vitro and animal studies have suggested a protective effect of green tea against breast cancer, only a few epidemiological studies have examined this association, and findings have been inconsistent. We examined the association between green tea consumption and breast cancer risk in consideration of the hormone receptor status of tumors and(More)