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Ingestion of herbal remedies containing aristolochic acids (AAs) is associated with the development of a syndrome, designated aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN), which is characterized by chronic renal failure, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and urothelial cancer. To distinguish the component(s) of AA responsible for these varied toxic effects, we(More)
Aristolochic acids (AA), present in Aristolochia plants, are the toxin responsible for Chinese herbs nephropathy (CHN), a rapidly progressive tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). To clarify the mechanisms of the development of CHN, we tried to induce TIN in mice using AA. Three strains of inbred mice, BALB/c, C3H/He and C57BL/6, received 2.5 mg kg(-1) of AA(More)
Since polyamines have been suggested to be one of the uremic "toxins," the levels of each polyamine, its oxidized product, acrolein, and amine oxidase in plasma of patients with renal failure were investigated. The level of putrescine was increased, whereas the level of spermine was decreased in the plasma of patients with renal failure. The patients also(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the understanding and attitude of Japanese patients towards generic drug substitutions. METHOD The subjects were male and female patients, who purchased their prescription medications at a pharmacy. A questionnaire was created to assess their attitudes towards generic drugs. RESULTS Of 1215 respondents,(More)
Our objective was to investigate the plasma levels of brain and atrial natriuretic peptides (BNP and ANP, respectively) in patients with septic shock/severe sepsis and to study the association of BNP and ANP levels with hemodynamic parameters, severity of the disease, and prognosis of those patients. This is a prospective case series study of 22 patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We found previously that plasma levels of acrolein (CH2=CHCHO) and spermine oxidase (SMO) were well correlated with the degree of severity of chronic renal failure. The aim of this study was to test whether the levels of these 2 markers and of acetylpolyamine oxidase (AcPAO) were increased in the plasma of stroke patients. METHODS(More)
We have recently found that the frequency of OATP-C*15 is significantly higher in patients who experienced myopathy after receiving pravastatin or atorvastatin than in patients without myopathy. However, there were two patients who experienced pravastatin-induced myopathy despite the fact that they did not possess OATP-C*15 or other known mutations of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy, first reported as Chinese herbs nephropathy, is a rapidly progressive tubulointerstitial nephropathy that results in severe anemia, interstitial fibrosis and end-stage renal disease. Tubulointerstitial injury was studied in a mouse model of AA nephropathy to determine whether low-dose darbepoetin alpha(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is known to promote the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and the development of diabetic nephropathy. Halofuginone, an analog of febrifugine, has been shown to block TGF-beta(1) signaling and subsequent type I collagen production. Here, the inhibitory effect of halofuginone on diabetic nephropathy was(More)
BACKGROUND Combined treatment with cyclosporine microemulsion preconcentrate (CyA MEPC) and steroids has been widely used for idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) associated with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Recent studies have shown that once-a-day and preprandial administration of CyA MEPC is more advantageous than the conventional(More)