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Ingestion of herbal remedies containing aristolochic acids (AAs) is associated with the development of a syndrome, designated aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN), which is characterized by chronic renal failure, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and urothelial cancer. To distinguish the component(s) of AA responsible for these varied toxic effects, we(More)
Aristolochic acids (AA), present in Aristolochia plants, are the toxin responsible for Chinese herbs nephropathy (CHN), a rapidly progressive tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). To clarify the mechanisms of the development of CHN, we tried to induce TIN in mice using AA. Three strains of inbred mice, BALB/c, C3H/He and C57BL/6, received 2.5 mg kg(-1) of AA(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the understanding and attitude of Japanese patients towards generic drug substitutions. METHOD The subjects were male and female patients, who purchased their prescription medications at a pharmacy. A questionnaire was created to assess their attitudes towards generic drugs. RESULTS Of 1215 respondents,(More)
Since polyamines have been suggested to be one of the uremic "toxins," the levels of each polyamine, its oxidized product, acrolein, and amine oxidase in plasma of patients with renal failure were investigated. The level of putrescine was increased, whereas the level of spermine was decreased in the plasma of patients with renal failure. The patients also(More)
We have recently found that the frequency of OATP-C*15 is significantly higher in patients who experienced myopathy after receiving pravastatin or atorvastatin than in patients without myopathy. However, there were two patients who experienced pravastatin-induced myopathy despite the fact that they did not possess OATP-C*15 or other known mutations of(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is known to promote the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and the development of diabetic nephropathy. Halofuginone, an analog of febrifugine, has been shown to block TGF-beta(1) signaling and subsequent type I collagen production. Here, the inhibitory effect of halofuginone on diabetic nephropathy was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We found previously that plasma levels of acrolein (CH2=CHCHO) and spermine oxidase (SMO) were well correlated with the degree of severity of chronic renal failure. The aim of this study was to test whether the levels of these 2 markers and of acetylpolyamine oxidase (AcPAO) were increased in the plasma of stroke patients. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND C-peptide has been shown to ameliorate diabetes-induced functional and structural renal changes in animal models as well as in patients with type 1 diabetes. This study aims to examine the molecular effects of C-peptide on early glomerular changes in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes. METHODS Fourteen days after induction of diabetes by(More)
BACKGROUND Early stage Kawasaki disease (KD) histopathology includes perivasculitis and vasculitis of the microvessels. The lesions then extend to larger vessels. Therefore the analysis of microvessel lesions is important to better understand the initial pathogenesis of KD vasculitis. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied epicardial microvessel lesions (<50(More)
Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO, EC is a group of enzymes highly sensitive to inhibition by semicarbazide. This high sensitivity distinguishes these enzymes from monoamine oxidase (MAO). Various mammalian tissues contain membrane-bound SSAO which metabolizes only the primary monoamines. Vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle cells have(More)