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The change in membrane capacitance and conductance of squid giant axons during hyper- and depolarizations was investigated. The measurements of capacitance and conductance were performed using an admittance bridge with resting, hyperpolarizaed and depolarized membranes. The duration of DC pulses is 20-40 msec and is long enough to permit the admittance(More)
The change in capacity of squid axon membrane during hyper- and depolarizations was investigated in the absence of ionic currents after the membrane was treated with pronase. In the presence of the inactivation process (h parameter), failure to observe the gating current in the frequency domain was attributed to the rapid attenuation of the possible(More)
The passive membrane capacitance and conductance of isolated single muscle fibers were investigated using a vaseline gap method. The results obtained with this method are consistent with those obtained using the microelectrode technique. It was confirmed that the membrane capacitance of skeletal muscle consisted of a large capacitance of tubular membrane(More)
Since the discovery of Cole and Curtis (1938. Nature (Lond.). 142:209 and 1939. J. Gen. Physiol. 22:649) that the imaginary components, i.e., capacitive and inductive components, of the admittance of squid axon membrane remained unchanged during the action potential, there have been numerous studies on impedance and admittance characteristics of nerves.(More)
The dipole moment of alamethicin, which produces voltage-dependent conductance in lipid-bilayer membranes, was measured in mixed solvents of ethanol and dioxane. The value of the dipole moment was found to increase from 40 to 75 DU (Debye units), as the concentration of ethanol increased from 0 (pure dioxane) to 40%. The relaxation frequency of alamethicin(More)
The dipole moments of potassium channel protein (Kcsa) and beta-subunits were discussed in the previous paper of this series [Takashima, Biophys. Chem. 94 (2001) 209-218]. While the dipole moment of beta-subunits was found to be very large, the dipole moment of Kcsa turned out to be somewhat smaller than beta-subunits. As the continuation of this work, the(More)
The mechanism of ion channel opening is one of the most fascinating problems in membrane biology. Based on phenomenological studies, early researchers suggested that the elementary process of ion channel opening may be the intramembrane charge movement or the orientation of dipolar proteins in the channel. In spite of the far reaching significance of these(More)
The impedance characteristics of muscle cells have been investigated by many investigators because of its unique features. The studies of the electrical properties of cloned cultured muscle cells, however, are scant and only a handful of papers have been published. In this report, the admittance of cultured Myoblast L6 cells was investigated. The(More)