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Several studies have suggested that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a role in ischemic neuronal death. Genetic disruption of COX-2 has been shown to reduce susceptibility to focal ischemic injury and N-methyl-d-aspartate-mediated neurotoxicity. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of COX-2 deficiency on neuronal vulnerability after transient(More)
Global ischemia promotes neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the adult mouse hippocampus. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, the principal isoenzyme in the brain, modulates inflammation, glutamate-mediated cytotoxicity, and synaptic plasticity. We demonstrated that delayed treatment with different classes of COX inhibitor significantly blunted enhancement of dentate(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brain ischemia stimulates neurogenesis. However, newborn neurons show a progressive decrease in number over time. Under normal conditions, the cAMP-cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) pathway regulates the survival of newborn neurons. Constitutive activation of CREB after brain ischemia also stimulates hippocampal(More)
Akt kinase is involved in growth factor-mediated neuronal protection. In the present study, we found in cultured neurons exposed to glutamate, that phosphorylation at Ser473 was transiently induced, but the level of phosphorylation at Thr308 and Akt activity were unchanged. Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase with LY294002 decreased phosphorylation and(More)
The effect of phencyclidine (PCP) on latent learning was investigated using a one-trial water-finding task in mice. Mice without water deprivation were given PCP or saline before a training trial, which consisted of exposure to a novel open-field environment with an alcove containing a water tube. Twenty to twenty-four hours after water deprivation, animals(More)
Cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) is a transcription factor expressed constitutively primarily in neurons and is activated by phosphorylation at Ser(133) residue. CREB mediates expression of several neuroprotective proteins, including B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Although phosphorylation of(More)
Neuronal progenitors in the adult hippocampus continually proliferate and differentiate to the neuronal lineage, and ischemic insult promotes hippocampal neurogenesis. However, newborn neurons show a progressive reduction in numbers during the initial few weeks, therefore, enhanced survival of newborn neurons seems to be essential for therapeutic strategy.(More)
Because we have a clinical impression that elderly patients have low back pain while in motion and standing, but less pain when sitting, we investigate characteristics of nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP), using a new detailed visual analog scale (VAS) scoring system. One hundred eighty-nine patients with NSLBP were divided into an elderly group (≥65 years(More)
INTRODUCTION Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disorder involving the exocrine glands, which affects 1.9-3.0% of the elderly population. Approximately 20% of all patients with SS have CNS involvement, including dementia, as a result of angiitis. AIMS The aim of the study was to clarify the prevalence and impact of SS among patients in a memory(More)
The authors report the case of a 65-year-old woman with atlantoaxial subluxation caused by rheumatoid arthritis. The patient had been hospitalized because of an infection after a total-knee replacement, when she suddenly lost consciousness and became apneic after an episode of intractable neck pain. Cranial computed tomography scanning demonstrated(More)