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We report a patient suffering from delayed facial palsy after microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm, in whom the pathogenesis was proved. A 56-year-old man with a left hemifacial spasm was admitted to our hospital. Preoperative MR imaging showed that the left anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) was compressing the left facial nerve.(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated neuropsychological function before and after surgery in patients with unruptured cerebral aneurysms. METHODS Neuropsychological functions in 43 patients with unruptured cerebral aneurysms were evaluated before and 1 month after surgery. The neuropsychological examination included the Mini-Mental State examination, "Kana-hiroi"(More)
BACKGROUND Several authors have reported temporary neurologic deterioration after revascularization surgery in some patients with moyamoya disease. The present study examined the incidence and mechanisms of PONDs in adult patients with moyamoya disease. METHODS Postoperative neurological deficits were retrospectively evaluated 1 month or less(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and DSA (digital subtraction angiography) by using preoperative MRI and DSA findings in the examination of meningiomas before excision. In particular, we focused on their usefulness in predicting tumor-brain adhesion during surgery. MATERIALS AND(More)
This study reviewed surgical experience with brainstem cavernomas in an attempt to define optimal surgical approaches and risks associated with surgical management. Clinical courses were retrospectively reviewed for 36 consecutive patients (12 men, 24 women; mean age, 42 years) who underwent microsurgical resection of brainstem cavernomas between 1996 and(More)
A 15-year-old boy was referred to our hospital with a rare case of inflammatory pseudotumor (IP) in the lateral ventricle manifesting as complaints of headache and low-grade fever. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a well-demarcated and enhanced tumorous lesion in the right lateral ventricle. Intraoperative findings showed a(More)
Glioblastoma is the most malignant type of primary brain tumor that has been shown to contain a small population of cancer stem cells. Recent studies have suggested that cancer stem cells cause tumor recurrence based on their resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Although the highly invasive nature of glioblastoma cells is also implicated in the(More)
In a transient 90-min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of rats, a large ischemic lesion is formed where macrophage-like cells massively accumulate, many of which express a macrophage marker, Iba1, and an oligodendrocyte progenitor cell marker, NG2 chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (NG2); therefore, the cells were termed BINCs (Brain(More)
BACKGROUND Drug resistance is a major obstacle for the efficacy of chemotherapeutic treatment of tumors. Oct-3/4, a self-renewal regulator in stem cells, is expressed in various kinds of solid tumors including glioblastoma. Although Oct-3/4 expression has been implicated in the malignancy and prognosis of glioblastomas, little is known of its involvement in(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM)-initiating cells (GIC) are a tumorigenic subpopulation that are resistant to radio- and chemotherapies and are the source of disease recurrence. Therefore, the identification and characterization of GIC-specific factors is critical toward the generation of effective GBM therapeutics. In this study, we investigated the role of epithelial(More)