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The immobility time in the mouse forced swimming test was dose-dependently reduced by sigma 1 receptor agonists, such as 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydrochloride (SA4503) and (+)-pentazocine, and non-specific sigma receptor agonists, such as 1,3-di(2-tolyl)guanidine (DTG) and(More)
We studied exonic trinucleotide repeats and expression of androgen receptor (AR) gene in the spinal cord from an autopsied patient with X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). Forty-nine CAG triplet repeats were found in tissues from the spinal cord, cerebrum, cerebellum, cardiac muscle and bladder, while there were 20-24 CAG repeats in these(More)
The sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) is a novel endoplasmic reticulum (ER) molecular chaperone that regulates protein folding and degradation. The Sig-1R activation by agonists is known to improve memory, promote cell survival, and exert an antidepressant-like action in animals. Cutamesine (SA4503), a selective Sig-1R ligand, was shown to increase BDNF in the(More)
Intraperitoneal administration of 4-cyclohexyl-1-[(1R)-1,2-diphenylethyl]-piperazine (CDEP) immediately after the training session produced significant memory impairment in the mouse passive avoidance performance. Interestingly, this memory impairment was alleviated by subcutaneous administrations of sigma receptor agonists, (+)-N-allylnormetazocine(More)
In peripheral nociceptive flexor test, SA4503, (+)-pentazocine, and (+)-3-(hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine, representative sigma-receptor agonists, elicited dose-dependent flexor responses. These responses were blocked by sigma-receptor antagonists NE-100 or BD1063, but not by pretreatments with antisense oligodeoxynucleotide for sigma1 binding(More)
The neuritic plaque is a characteristic finding in Alzheimer's disease. A major component of the plaque core is a 4.2 kd polypeptide, amyloid beta-protein (ABP), which is derived from the C-terminus of a larger precursor protein (ABPP). The authors have studied the transcription of ABPP mRNA in the adult rat brain by Northern analysis and in situ(More)
Our previous studies have shown that three sigma (sigma) receptor ligands, (+)-N-allylnormetazocine ((+)-SKF-10,047), (+/-)-pentazocine and 1,3-di(2-tolyl)guanidine (DTG) differently regulated the dopamine (DA) transmission in the rat brain. In the present study, we attempted to clarify the role of sigma 1 receptor subtype in the regulation of DA(More)
The recent molecular cloning of the complementary DNA encoding T cell--replacing factor (TRF) has demonstrated that a single molecule is responsible for B cell growth factor II (BCGF-II) activity and eosinophil differentiation activity. It has been proposed that this molecule be called interleukin 5 (IL-5). We previously reported that purified rIL-5(More)
We found a potent and selective sigma 1 receptor agonist, SA4503 (1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydro-chloride), with high affinity for the sigma 1 receptor subtype (IC50 = 17 nM), but low affinity for the sigma 2 receptor subtype (IC50 = 1800 nM). The binding activity and selectivity of SA4503 resembled those of (+)-pentazocine,(More)
We investigated genes expression by retrograde axonal transport of replication-defective adenoviruses carrying genes for LacZ (AdLacZ) and Bcl-2 in motor neurons of transgenic mice expressing mutant human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene containing a substitution of alanine for glycine at position 93. We found that intramuscular injection of AdLacZ(More)