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The immobility time in the mouse forced swimming test was dose-dependently reduced by sigma 1 receptor agonists, such as 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydrochloride (SA4503) and (+)-pentazocine, and non-specific sigma receptor agonists, such as 1,3-di(2-tolyl)guanidine (DTG) and(More)
We studied exonic trinucleotide repeats and expression of androgen receptor (AR) gene in the spinal cord from an autopsied patient with X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). Forty-nine CAG triplet repeats were found in tissues from the spinal cord, cerebrum, cerebellum, cardiac muscle and bladder, while there were 20-24 CAG repeats in these(More)
The sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) is a novel endoplasmic reticulum (ER) molecular chaperone that regulates protein folding and degradation. The Sig-1R activation by agonists is known to improve memory, promote cell survival, and exert an antidepressant-like action in animals. Cutamesine (SA4503), a selective Sig-1R ligand, was shown to increase BDNF in the(More)
The neuritic plaque is a characteristic finding in Alzheimer's disease. A major component of the plaque core is a 4.2 kd polypeptide, amyloid beta-protein (ABP), which is derived from the C-terminus of a larger precursor protein (ABPP). The authors have studied the transcription of ABPP mRNA in the adult rat brain by Northern analysis and in situ(More)
Intraperitoneal administration of 4-cyclohexyl-1-[(1R)-1,2-diphenylethyl]-piperazine (CDEP) immediately after the training session produced significant memory impairment in the mouse passive avoidance performance. Interestingly, this memory impairment was alleviated by subcutaneous administrations of sigma receptor agonists, (+)-N-allylnormetazocine(More)
In peripheral nociceptive flexor test, SA4503, (+)-pentazocine, and (+)-3-(hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine, representative sigma-receptor agonists, elicited dose-dependent flexor responses. These responses were blocked by sigma-receptor antagonists NE-100 or BD1063, but not by pretreatments with antisense oligodeoxynucleotide for sigma1 binding(More)
Our previous studies have shown that three sigma (sigma) receptor ligands, (+)-N-allylnormetazocine ((+)-SKF-10,047), (+/-)-pentazocine and 1,3-di(2-tolyl)guanidine (DTG) differently regulated the dopamine (DA) transmission in the rat brain. In the present study, we attempted to clarify the role of sigma 1 receptor subtype in the regulation of DA(More)
The recent molecular cloning of the complementary DNA encoding T cell--replacing factor (TRF) has demonstrated that a single molecule is responsible for B cell growth factor II (BCGF-II) activity and eosinophil differentiation activity. It has been proposed that this molecule be called interleukin 5 (IL-5). We previously reported that purified rIL-5(More)
We found a potent and selective sigma 1 receptor agonist, SA4503 (1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydro-chloride), with high affinity for the sigma 1 receptor subtype (IC50 = 17 nM), but low affinity for the sigma 2 receptor subtype (IC50 = 1800 nM). The binding activity and selectivity of SA4503 resembled those of (+)-pentazocine,(More)
We investigated genes expression by retrograde axonal transport of replication-defective adenoviruses carrying genes for LacZ (AdLacZ) and Bcl-2 in motor neurons of transgenic mice expressing mutant human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene containing a substitution of alanine for glycine at position 93. We found that intramuscular injection of AdLacZ(More)