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Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a complex genetic disease with great clinical heterogeneity. Four different types of OCA have been reported to date (OCA1, OCA2, OCA3, and OCA4). MATP was recently reported in a single Turkish OCA patient as the fourth pathological gene, but no other patients with OCA4 have been reported. Here, we report the mutational(More)
Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) (also called "reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi") is a pigmentary genodermatosis of autosomal dominant inheritance characterized by a mixture of hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules distributed on the dorsal aspects of the hands and feet. To determine the gene responsible for this disease, we performed a(More)
Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) is a pigmentary genodermatosis of autosomal-dominant inheritance. We have reported 20 different mutations of the adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 1 gene (ADAR1) in patients with DSH since we had clarified that the disease is caused by a mutation of the ADAR1 gene in 2003. In this study, we report 10 novel(More)
Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH), is a pigmentary genodermatosis of autosomal dominant inheritance. Since we clarified that the disease is caused by a mutation of the adenosine deaminase acting on the RNA 1 gene (ADAR1) in 2003, the molecular pathogenesis of a peculiar clinical feature of the disease has been expected to be clarified. We examined(More)
Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) (also called "reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi") is a pigmentary genodermatosis of autosomal dominant inheritance. We have clarified for the first time four pathological mutations of the double-stranded RNA-specific adenosine deaminase gene (ADAR1 or DSRAD) in four DSH pedigrees. In this paper, we report 16(More)
Oculocutaneous albinism type 4 (OCA4) is an autosomal recessive hypopigmentary disorder caused by mutations in the Membrane-Associated Transporter Protein gene (SLC45A2). The SLC45A2 protein is a 530-amino-acid polypeptide that contains 12 putative transmembrane domains, and appears to be a transporter that mediates melanin synthesis. Eighteen pathological(More)
The trabecular architecture of the human ankle joint was studied three dimensionally by microradiography. The trabecular arrangement of the tibia and fibula was divided into four groups. The most characteristic orientation was observed in the bases of both malleoli where pressure-tension was caused by inversion and eversion of the talus. The talus showed(More)
P-gene-related oculocutaneous albinism (OCA2) is an autosomal recessive disorder. The phenotype is typically somewhat less severe than that of the tyrosinase-negative type (OCA1A). One of the mutations in the P gene, A481T, is associated with a mild phenotype, occasionally with no distinctive skin manifestations, which is called subclinical OCA. We present(More)
Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) is a pigmentary genodermatosis of autosomal dominant inheritance caused by a mutation of adenosine deaminase acting on the RNA 1 gene (ADAR1). It is characterized by a mixture of hyper- and hypopigmented macules on the back of the hands and feet. The pathomechanism by which the ADAR1 gene mutation induces DSH has(More)