Acute administration of typical and atypical antipsychotics has been reported to induce regionally distinct patterns of c-Fos expression in the rat forebrain. Furthermore, atypical index, the difference in the extent of increased Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-LI) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell versus the dorsolateral striatum (DLSt), has been… (More)
RATIONALE Antidepressants preferentially facilitating serotonin seem to be particularly effective for treating the anxiety and aggressive component of the depressive syndrome, whereas those with a noradrenergic profile seem to be more effective in reducing psychomotor retardation, although their overall antidepressant effects are about the same. However,… (More)
OBJECTIVES Acinetobacter baumannii presents a clinical challenge when it is non-susceptible to carbapenems. The prevalence of carbapenem-non-susceptible A. baumannii in Japan is unclear, as previous studies have been limited in scope. We investigated the spread of carbapenem-non-susceptible A. baumannii in Japan and performed a comparison with findings from… (More)
The incidence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) has been increasing worldwide, but screening criteria for detection of ESBLs are not standardized for AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae such as Enterobacter species. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of ESBLs and/or AmpC β-lactamases in Japanese clinical isolates of Enterobacter spp. and… (More)
The prevalence of ESBL has been increasing worldwide. In this study, we investigated the molecular characteristics of ESBL among clinical isolates of Escherichia coli from a Japanese tertiary hospital. A total of 71 consecutive and nonduplicate clinical isolates of ESBL-positive E. coli collected at Tohoku University Hospital between January 2008 and March… (More)
There are many studies of the mechanisms of antidepressants; however, most of these studies were conducted on the hippocampus or frontal cortex. In the present study, we hypothesized that the nucleus accumbens and caudate/putamen might be major targets for antidepressant effects. Thus, we focused on G(olf) protein, a stimulant alpha-subunit of G protein… (More)
restricted to plasma for fractionation. Some protection against blood donations from HEV-infected persons may occur because HEV and malaria are co-endemic to many countries. Our findings showed a higher HEV seropreva-lence among donors with prior malaria or diarrhea deferrals; thus, malaria-and diarrhea-related screening questions may reduce contributions… (More)
Actinomycosis of the middle ear and mastoid is extremely rare. Here, we report a unique case of actinomycosis of the middle ear and mastoid caused by Actinomyces meyeri diagnosed by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis.
A 76-year-old Japanese woman contracted a Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB, Manila type) infection in Japan, despite never having traveled. However, her son was treated for TB in the Philippines 3 years before he stayed at her house. Spoligotyping allows us to identify the TB genotype and identify the route of infection.
Tuberculosis was diagnosed in a person who had stayed in a shelter after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. A contact investigation showed that the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection among other evacuees at the shelter was 20%. Our report underscores the importance of tuberculosis prevention and control after natural disasters.