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Although germline cells can form multipotential embryonic stem (ES)/embryonic germ (EG) cells, these cells can be derived only from embryonic tissues, and such multipotent cells have not been available from neonatal gonads. Here we report the successful establishment of ES-like cells from neonatal mouse testis. These ES-like cells were phenotypically(More)
Female human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) lines exhibit variability in X-inactivation status. The majority of hiPSC lines maintain one transcriptionally active X (Xa) and one inactive X (Xi) chromosome from donor cells. However, at low frequency, hiPSC lines with two Xas are produced, suggesting that epigenetic alterations of the Xi occur(More)
To find reliable biomarkers for high-grade malignancy, the relationship between immunohistochemical L-type amino-acid transporter 1 (LAT1) expression of biopsy samples, determined with the newly developed monoclonal antibody against human LAT1, and prognosis of patients with prostate cancer, was investigated. The intensity and score of immunohistochemical(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli before transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy and prospectively analyze the rates of infective complications after biopsy in patients receiving fluoroquinolone prophylaxis. E. coli is the pathogen most commonly associated with infections after TRUS-guided prostate(More)
OBJECTIVES To present our preliminary clinical results of transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in Stage T1b-2N0M0 prostate cancer. Efforts are being made to provide minimally invasive alternative treatment options with equal efficacy and fewer side effects. HIFU delivers ultrasound energy with rapid thermal necrosis of tissue in the focal(More)
We report a multicenter trial with transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer. A total of 72 consecutive patients with stage T1c-2NOM0 prostate cancer were treated using the Sonablate 500TM HIFU device (Focus Surgery, Indianapolis, USA). Biochemical recurrence was defined according to the criteria(More)
PURPOSE The Japanese Urological Association, and Japanese Society of Endourology and ESWL have established the Endoscopic Surgical Skill Qualification System in urological laparoscopy. The system consists of a urological section as well as gynecology and general surgery sections. We present details of the Endoscopic Surgical Skill Qualification System and(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) identified following pathologic slide review has been shown to be an independent predictor of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in a multicenter series of patients undergoing radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). However, the validity of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the anatomic patterns of tumor distribution in radical prostatectomy specimens from nonpalpable prostate cancer. METHODS Tumor maps directly traced from histologic slides of 62 radical prostatectomy specimens were superimposed by a computer-assisted imaging technique to create an idealized prostate gland at three levels: apex,(More)
A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is widely used as a diagnostic marker for prostate cancer (PC) because of its high specificity. However, elevated serum PSA does not occur only in PC but also in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Since the structural changes of N-glycans during carcinogenesis are common phenomena, we investigated whether PC-specific(More)