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Although germline cells can form multipotential embryonic stem (ES)/embryonic germ (EG) cells, these cells can be derived only from embryonic tissues, and such multipotent cells have not been available from neonatal gonads. Here we report the successful establishment of ES-like cells from neonatal mouse testis. These ES-like cells were phenotypically(More)
To investigate the origin, and evaluate the mechanism by which tinnitus is suppressed we performed electrical promontory stimulation (EPS) in 56 patients with tinnitus, and measured the compound action potential (CAP) using electrocochleography before and after EPS. In the group of patients in whom tinnitus was suppressed, the CAP amplitudes increased(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal activation of endochondral bone formation in soft tissues causes significant medical diseases associated with disability and pain. Hyperactive mutations in the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type 1 receptor ACVR1 lead to fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), a rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive ossification in(More)
BACKGROUND Although prostate cancer has been prevalent in Japan, there has been no particular model for predicting the pathological stage in the Japanese population. We examined whether artificial neural network analysis (ANNA), which is a relatively new diagnostic tool in prostate cancer, can be one of the predictive methods for predicting organ(More)
Long-QT syndrome mutations can cause syncope and sudden death by prolonging the cardiac action potential (AP). Ion channels affected by mutations are various, and the influences of cellular calcium cycling on LQTS cardiac events are unknown. To better understand LQTS arrhythmias, we performed current-clamp and intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) measurements(More)
Purpose. To retrospectively evaluate the clinical significance of radiotherapy for oligometastases of bone in prostate cancer (PCa). Methods and Materials. Between 2003 and 2008, 35 PCa patients with oligometastases of bone were treated with radiotherapy. Results. The median radiotherapy dose was 40 Gy. The 3-year overall survival rates for all patients,(More)
The influence of the neonatal frontal lesion in unilateral cerebral hemisphere for the organization of intact forelimb motor cortex in the rat was investigated by intracortical microstimulation (ICMS). The relative size of the rostral forelimb area (RFL) compared to the caudal forelimb area (CFL) in the ipsilateral motor field of lesioned rat was(More)
OBJECTIVES We performed a phase IIa clinical trial of trans-1-amino-3-(18)F-fluoro-cyclobutane carboxylic acid (anti-(18)F-FACBC), a synthetic amino acid analog for PET, in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. METHODS The study subjects consisted of 10 untreated prostate cancer patients having lymph node and/or bone metastasis. Five patients(More)
Infants with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) are considered for surgery if they develop seizures and the seizures prove medically refractory. The authors report on 2 infants (15 and 19 months old) with SWS who underwent scalp video electroencephalography (EEG) and subsequent functional hemispherotomy for intractable partial motor seizures due to extensive left(More)
We treated a 10 year 11 month old girl with severe mitral valve regurgitation, stenosis and dilated cardiomyopathy, presented with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification IV. She acutely developed cardiogenic shock with a dyskinetic anterior-septal left ventricle and entered a shock state during our consultation about heart(More)