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Although germline cells can form multipotential embryonic stem (ES)/embryonic germ (EG) cells, these cells can be derived only from embryonic tissues, and such multipotent cells have not been available from neonatal gonads. Here we report the successful establishment of ES-like cells from neonatal mouse testis. These ES-like cells were phenotypically(More)
Female human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) lines exhibit variability in X-inactivation status. The majority of hiPSC lines maintain one transcriptionally active X (Xa) and one inactive X (Xi) chromosome from donor cells. However, at low frequency, hiPSC lines with two Xas are produced, suggesting that epigenetic alterations of the Xi occur(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli before transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy and prospectively analyze the rates of infective complications after biopsy in patients receiving fluoroquinolone prophylaxis. E. coli is the pathogen most commonly associated with infections after TRUS-guided prostate(More)
To find reliable biomarkers for high-grade malignancy, the relationship between immunohistochemical L-type amino-acid transporter 1 (LAT1) expression of biopsy samples, determined with the newly developed monoclonal antibody against human LAT1, and prognosis of patients with prostate cancer, was investigated. The intensity and score of immunohistochemical(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the anatomic patterns of tumor distribution in radical prostatectomy specimens from nonpalpable prostate cancer. METHODS Tumor maps directly traced from histologic slides of 62 radical prostatectomy specimens were superimposed by a computer-assisted imaging technique to create an idealized prostate gland at three levels: apex,(More)
A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is widely used as a diagnostic marker for prostate cancer (PC) because of its high specificity. However, elevated serum PSA does not occur only in PC but also in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Since the structural changes of N-glycans during carcinogenesis are common phenomena, we investigated whether PC-specific(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) identified following pathologic slide review has been shown to be an independent predictor of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in a multicenter series of patients undergoing radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). However, the validity of(More)
We report a multicenter trial with transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer. A total of 72 consecutive patients with stage T1c-2NOM0 prostate cancer were treated using the Sonablate 500TM HIFU device (Focus Surgery, Indianapolis, USA). Biochemical recurrence was defined according to the criteria(More)
AIM Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is being evaluated throughout the world. The aim of the present study is to report early multi-institutional experience of the procedure in Japan. METHODS A total of 148 men who were diagnosed with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy at seven different institutions in(More)
A 52-year-old woman was referred to our institute for the evaluation of a tumor in her pelvic cavity. The tumor seemed to have arisen from the bladder or urethra, and bilateral iliac lymphadenopathy was seen. Her urethral mucosa looked intact according to the results of cystourethroscopy. Histopathological examination of the biopsy specimens showed(More)