Shirley S. Mihardja

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Using single-molecule optical-trapping techniques, we examined the force-induced dynamic behavior of a single nucleosome core particle. Our experiments using the DNA construct containing the 601 nucleosome-positioning sequence revealed that the nucleosome unravels in at least two major stages. The first stage, which we attributed to the unraveling of the(More)
OBJECTIVES In patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) medically managed according to currently accepted guidelines, we tested whether a 1-month dietary intervention with flavanol-containing cocoa leads to an improvement of endothelial dysfunction and whether this is associated with an enhanced number and function of circulating angiogenic cells (CACs).(More)
The combination of scaffold material and cell transplantation therapy has been extensively investigated in cardiac tissue engineering. However, many polymers are difficult to administer or lack the structural integrity to restore LV function. Additionally, polymers need to be biological friendly, favorably influence the microenvironment and increase stem(More)
Unlike some organs, the heart is unable to repair itself after injury. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) grow and divide indefinitely while maintaining the potential to develop into many tissues of the body. As such, they provide an unprecedented opportunity to treat human diseases characterized by tissue loss. We have identified early myocardial(More)
ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling complexes (remodelers) modulate gene transcription by regulating the accessibility of highly packaged genomic DNA. However, the molecular mechanisms involved at the nucleosomal level in this process remain controversial. Here, we monitor the real-time activity of single ySWI/SNF or RSC complexes on single, stretched(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a chronic disease with a high mortality rate. Managing CHF patients has been one of the most severe health care problems for years. Scaffold materials have been predominantly investigated in acute myocardial infarction (MI) studies and have shown promising improvement in LV function. In this study we examined whether(More)
When mixed together, DNA and polyaminoamide dendrimers form fibers that condense into a compact structure. We use optical tweezers to pull condensed fibers and investigate the decondensation transition by measuring force-extension curves (FECs). A characteristic force plateau (around 10 pN) and hysteresis between the pulling and relaxation cycles are(More)
We analyze the response of a single nucleosome to tension, which serves as a prototypical biophysical measurement where tension-dependent deformation alters transition kinetics. We develop a statistical-mechanics model of a nucleosome as a wormlike chain bound to a spool, incorporating fluctuations in the number of bases bound, the spool orientation, and(More)
The conductive polymer polypyrrole was blended with alginate to investigate its potential in tissue engineering applications. This study showed that increasing the polypyrrole content altered the macroscopic structural morphology of the polymer blend scaffold, but did not alter the overall conductivity of the polymer blend, which was 10(-2)S/cm(2).(More)
The pacemaker tissues of the heart are a complex set of specialized cells that initiate the rhythmic heartbeat. The sinoatrial node (SAN) serves as the primary pacemaker, whereas the atrioventricular node can serve as a subsidiary pacemaker in cases of SAN failure or block. The elucidation of genetic networks regulating the development of these tissues is(More)