Shirley Rietdyk

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This research presents new data and reanalyzed information to refute the criticisms of our model of stiffness control during quiet standing. A re-review of their references to biomechanical research on muscle ankle stiffness confirmed muscle stiffness estimates of the ankle series elastic elements that agreed closely with our estimates. A new technique is(More)
Our goal was to understand the bases for selection of alternate foot placement during locomotion when the normal landing area is undesirable. In this study, a light spot of different shapes and sizes simulated an undesirable landing area. Participants were required to avoid stepping on this spot under different time constraints. Alternate chosen foot(More)
Postural control strategies have in the past been predominantly characterized by kinematics, surface forces, and EMG responses (e.g. Horak and Nashner, 1986, Journal of Neurophysiology 55(6), 1369-1381). The goal of this study was to provide unique and novel insights into the underlying motor mechanisms used in postural control by determining the joint(More)
Visual information regarding obstacle position and size is used for planning and controlling adaptive gait. However, the manner in which visual cues in the environment are used in the control of gait is not fully known. This research examined the effect of obstacle position cues on the lead and trail limb trajectories during obstacle avoidance with and(More)
Binocular vision function and standing balance control was assessed in 16 subjects with age-related maculopathy (ARM) (mean age 73.9 +/- 7.4 years) and 19 controls (mean age 69.1 +/- 5.5 years). Balance control was assessed using the center of pressure signal from force plate data. It was quantified using the root mean square (RMS) error of the amplitude,(More)
Recent research suggests that the balance requirements of a task dictate the reflexive response. However, these observations were inferred indirectly from either different tasks or different phases of the same task. This study directly tested the hypothesis of balance-dependent control during recovery from an unexpected trip. The subjects were tripped in(More)
The balance control system of a group of healthy and fit, young and elderly subjects was studied during the initiation of stepping in one of three directions: forward, sideways, and backwards in response to a light cue. The performance of these movements requires shifting support from two to one foot, moving the centre of mass outside the initial base of(More)
The roles of visual exteroception (information regarding environmental characteristics) and exproprioception (the relation of body segments to the environment) during gait adaptation are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to determine how visual exteroception regarding obstacle characteristics provided during obstacle crossing modified foot(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypotheses that kinematic data of the sagittal motion of canine hind limbs during walking obtained with a 2-dimensional (2-D) system correlate well with those obtained with a 3-dimensional (3-D) system and that the data obtained with the 2-D system are repeatable. ANIMALS 6 adult dogs with no evidence of lameness. PROCEDURES Hind(More)
This paper explores movement transfer from humans to humanoid robots. Our goal is to produce humanlike motions in humanoid robots by capturing human motions and transferring these motions to humanoid robots. One crucial problem in human-humanoid motion transfer is the discrepancy between human and humanoid robot dynamic models. This model discrepancy(More)