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The biological roles of cytokines and cytokine receptors were examined in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells expressing myeloid antigens (My+ ALL). Interleukin-3 (IL-3), granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophage-CSF (GM-CSF), and low molecular-weight B-cell growth factor (LW-BCGF) could induce DNA synthesis in certain cases of(More)
Development of T cells in the thymus requires continuous importation of T-lineage progenitors from the bone marrow via the circulation. Following bone marrow transplant, recovery of a normal peripheral T-cell pool depends on production of naïve T cells in the thymus; however, delivery of progenitors to the thymus limits T-lineage reconstitution. Here, we(More)
One characteristic of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph')-positive acute leukemia is the occasional presence of both lymphoid and myeloid features in the same leukemia. This phenomenon supports the theory that this subtype of acute leukemia arises from lymphoid-myeloid stem cell, pluripotent progenitors. Very few reports, however, describe the immunophenotype,(More)
T-cell production depends on the recruitment of hematopoietic progenitors into the thymus. T cells are among the last of the hematopoietic lineages to recover after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), but the reasons for this delay are not well understood. Under normal physiologic conditions, thymic settling is selective and either CCR7 or CCR9 is required(More)
Natural Treg cells acquire their lineage-determining transcription factor Foxp3 during development in the thymus and are important in maintaining immunologic tolerance. Here, we analyzed the composition of the thymic Treg-cell pool using RAG2-GFP/FoxP3-RFP dual reporter mice and found that a population of long-lived GFP(-) Treg cells exists in the thymus.(More)
The continuous production of T lymphocytes requires that hematopoietic progenitors developing in the bone marrow migrate to the thymus. Rare progenitors egress from the bone marrow into the circulation, then traffic via the blood to the thymus. It is now evident that thymic settling is tightly regulated by selectin ligands, chemokine receptors, and(More)
T cell development requires periodic importation of hematopoietic progenitors into the thymus. The receptor-ligand pair P-selectin and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) are critically involved in this process. In this study, we examined the expression of functional PSGL-1 on bone marrow hematopoietic progenitors. We demonstrate that functional(More)
An herbal medicine widely used in China, anisodamine, was investigated to determine its effect on the tissue PO2 of an important neural tissue, the retina. The anisodamine was injected intravenously over 10 min into anesthetized cats. Although it reduced mean blood pressure an average of 26%, anisodamine simultaneously increased tissue PO2 an average of(More)
2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase activity, which is assumed to be induced by interferon, is reported to be one of the useful markers reflecting interferon activity. The enzyme activity of patients with aseptic meningitis and febrile convulsion were compared in order to evaluate interferon activity as one of the local immuno-defense mechanisms of aseptic(More)
Insufficient sleep increasingly characterizes modern society, contributing to a host of serious medical problems. Loss of sleep is associated with metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, and neurological and cognitive impairments. Shifts in gut microbiome composition have also been associated with the same pathologies;(More)