Shirley J McCready

Learn More
The rad18 mutant of Schizosaccharomyces pombe is very sensitive to killing by both UV and gamma radiation. We have cloned and sequenced the rad18 gene and isolated and sequenced its homolog from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, designated RHC18. The predicted Rad18 protein has all the structural properties characteristic of the SMC family of proteins, suggesting a(More)
BACKGROUND A variety of strategies for survival of UV irradiation are used by cells, ranging from repair of UV-damaged DNA, cell cycle arrest, tolerance of unrepaired UV photoproducts, and shielding from UV light. Some of these responses involve UV-inducible genes, including the SOS response in bacteria and an array of genes in eukaryotes. To address the(More)
Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells deficient in nucleotide excision repair (NER) are still able to remove photoproducts from cellular DNA, showing that there is a second pathway for repair of UV damage in this organism. We have characterized this repair pathway by cloning and disruption of the genomic gene encoding UV damage endonuclease (UVDE). Although uvde(More)
BACKGROUND Sequenced archaeal genomes contain a variety of bacterial and eukaryotic DNA repair gene homologs, but relatively little is known about how these microorganisms actually perform DNA repair. At least some archaea, including the extreme halophile Halobacterium sp. NRC-1, are able to repair ultraviolet light (UV) induced DNA damage in the absence of(More)
The Ty element of yeast represents a class of eukaryotic transposons that show remarkable structural similarity to retroviral proviruses. Recently, these comparisons have been strengthened by a series of observations on the yeast Ty element: Ty transposes via an RNA intermediate; it contains a sequence (Fig. 1) which, when translated, is homologous to a(More)
BACKGROUND Most studies of the transcriptional response to UV radiation in living cells have used UV doses that are much higher than those encountered in the natural environment, and most focus on short-wave UV (UV-C) at 254 nm, a wavelength that never reaches the Earth's surface. We have studied the transcriptional response of the sunlight-tolerant model(More)
Thirty years after the Chernobyl explosion we still lack information regarding the genetic effects of radionuclide contamination on the plant population. For example, are plants adapting to the low dose of chronic ionising irradiation and showing improved resistance to radiation damage? Are they coping with changing/increased pathogenicity of fungi and(More)
cdc9 mutants of yeast lack detectable DNA ligase activity at restrictive temperatures. They also appear to be more sensitive than wild-type cells to ultraviolet (u.v.) radiation and it has been assumed that this is because the CDC9 ligase is needed for the final ligation step in excision repair. The fact that single-strand breaks have been demonstrated in(More)
  • 1