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A heat-soluble protein present in substantial quantities in Typha latifolia pollen was purified to homogeneity. The protein was subjected to cyanogen bromide cleavage, and the peptides produced were separated by HPLC chromatography and sequenced. The two sequences determined were found to be related to the putative D76 LEA protein from Brassica napus seeds(More)
Following DNA damage or a block to DNA synthesis, checkpoint pathways act to arrest mitosis and prevent the attempted segregation of damaged or unreplicated DNA. The rad17 locus of Schizosaccharomyces pombe is one of seven known radiation-sensitive (rad) loci which are absolutely required to prevent mitosis following DNA damage in fission yeast. Six of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The plants that have remained in the contaminated areas around Chernobyl since 1986 encapsulate the effects of radiation. Such plants are chronically exposed to radionuclides that they have accumulated internally as well as to alpha-, beta- and gamma-emitting radionuclides from external sources and from the soil. This radiation leads to(More)
The PNM2- mutation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae eliminates the extrachromosomal element psi. PNM2 is closely linked to the omnipotent suppressor gene SUP35 (also previously identified as SUP2, SUF12, SAL3 and GST1). We cloned PNM2- and showed that PNM2 and SUP35 are the same gene. We sequenced the PNM2- mutant allele and found a single G-->A transition(More)
Extremely halophilic archaebacteria have been reported to have no capacity for dark repair (excision repair) of ultraviolet damage and to rely on very efficient photoreactivation for recovery after UVC irradiation. Post-UV incubation in the light restores 100% survival in these organisms. This has been taken to indicate that cyclobutane dimers are the only(More)
BACKGROUND Sequenced archaeal genomes contain a variety of bacterial and eukaryotic DNA repair gene homologs, but relatively little is known about how these microorganisms actually perform DNA repair. At least some archaea, including the extreme halophile Halobacterium sp. NRC-1, are able to repair ultraviolet light (UV) induced DNA damage in the absence of(More)
An artificially created non-tandem hetero-allelic duplication was constructed to assay mitotic intrachromosomal recombination in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Two classes of recombinants could be distinguished: deletion-types, in which one copy of the duplicated sequence and the intervening sequence were lost, and conversion-types which retained the(More)
The rad18 mutant of Schizosaccharomyces pombe is very sensitive to killing by both UV and gamma radiation. We have cloned and sequenced the rad18 gene and isolated and sequenced its homolog from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, designated RHC18. The predicted Rad18 protein has all the structural properties characteristic of the SMC family of proteins, suggesting a(More)