Shirley H Lomeli

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PD-1 immune checkpoint blockade provides significant clinical benefits for melanoma patients. We analyzed the somatic mutanomes and transcriptomes of pretreatment melanoma biopsies to identify factors that may influence innate sensitivity or resistance to anti-PD-1 therapy. We find that overall high mutational loads associate with improved survival, and(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS) and ion mobility with electrospray ionization (ESI) have the capability to measure and detect large noncovalent protein-ligand and protein-protein complexes. Using an ion mobility method of gas-phase electrophoretic mobility molecular analysis (GEMMA), protein particles representing a range of sizes can be separated by their(More)
The addition of m-nitrobenzyl alcohol (m-NBA) was shown previously (Lomeli et al., J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2009, 20, 593-596) to enhance multiple charging of native proteins and noncovalent protein complexes in electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectra. Additional new reagents have been found to "supercharge" proteins from nondenaturing solutions;(More)
Human sex determining region Y-box 2 (SOX2) is an important transcriptional factor involved in the pluripotency and stemness of human embryonic stem cells. SOX2 plays important roles in maintaining cancer stem cell activities of melanoma and cancers of the brain, prostate, breast, and lung. SOX2 is also a lineage survival oncogene for squamous cell(More)
Treatment of advanced BRAFV600-mutant melanoma using a BRAF inhibitor or its combination with a MEK inhibitor typically elicits partial responses. We compared the transcriptomes of patient-derived tumors regressing on MAPK inhibitor (MAPKi) therapy against MAPKi-induced temporal transcriptomic states in human melanoma cell lines or murine melanoma in(More)
Autoantibody (autoAb) response is an important arm of endogenously arising anti-tumor immune responses, and has received new attention as a cancer biomarker with the recent success of immune check-point inhibitor therapy. Our laboratory has been focusing on measuring autoAb against B-cell epitopes in order to bypass the necessity to purify a panel of(More)
Melanoma resistant to MAPK inhibitors (MAPKi) displays loss of fitness upon experimental MAPKi withdrawal and, clinically, may be resensitized to MAPKi therapy after a drug holiday. Here, we uncovered and therapeutically exploited the mechanisms of MAPKi addiction in MAPKi-resistant BRAFMUT or NRASMUT melanoma. MAPKi-addiction phenotypes evident upon drug(More)
Increased multiple charging of native proteins and noncovalent protein complexes is observed in electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectra obtained from nondenaturing protein solutions containing up to 1% (vol/vol) m-nitrobenzyl alcohol (m-NBA). The increases in charge ranged from 8% for the 690 kDa alpha(7)beta(7)beta(7)alpha(7) 20S proteasome complex to(More)
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