Shirley Gil-Parrado

Learn More
Ubiquitous calpains (mu- and m-calpain) have been repeatedly implicated in apoptosis, but the underlying mechanism(s) remain(s) to be elucidated. We examined ionomycin-induced cell death in LCLC 103H cells, derived from a human large cell lung carcinoma. We detected hallmarks of apoptosis such as membrane blebbing, nuclear condensation, DNA ladder(More)
Granzyme H (GzmH) belongs to a family of 5 human serine proteases that are expressed by cytotoxic immune effector cells. Although GzmH is most closely related to the caspase-activating granzyme B (GzmB), neither a natural substrate nor a role in immune defense reactions has been demonstrated for this orphan granzyme. In rodents, multiple related genes(More)
The ubiquitous proteases mu- and m-calpain are Ca(2+)-dependent cysteine endopeptidases. Besides involvement in a variety of physio(patho)logical processes, recent studies suggest a pivotal role of calpains in differentiation of hematopoietic cells and tumor cell invasion. However, the precise actions of calpains and their endogenous inhibitor, calpastatin,(More)
Ubiquitously expressed calpains are Ca(2+)-dependent, intracellular cysteine proteases comprising a large catalytic subunit (domains DI-DIV) and a noncovalently bound small regulatory subunit (domains DV and DVI). It is unclear whether Ca(2+)-induced calpain activation is followed by subunit dissociation or not. Here, we have applied advanced fluorescence(More)
The intracellular protease calpain, abundant in endothelial cells (EC), is assumed to be inactive under physiological conditions but may account for Ca2+ -linked pathophysiological events. However, nonstimulated EC contained autolyzed, activated calpain. Adding 12-48 microM calpain inhibitor I (CI) or 0.5-1 microM of the novel, membrane-permeable conjugate(More)
The ubiquitous calpains, mu- and m-calpain, have been implicated in essential physiological processes and various pathologies. Cell-permeable specific inhibitors are important tools to elucidate the roles of calpains in cultivated cells and animal models. The synthetic N-acetylated 27-mer peptide derived from exon B of the inhibitory domain 1 of human(More)
The ubiquitous calpains, mu- and m-calpain, are implicated in a variety of vital (patho)physiological processes and therefore cell-permeable specific inhibitors represent important tools for defining the role of calpains in cells and animal models. A synthetic N-acetylated 27-mer peptide derived from exon B of the human calpastatin inhibitory domain 1 is(More)
An inhibitor of the metallo-ectoenzyme, pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase II (PPII), a thyrotropin releasing hormone-specific peptidase, was identified by screening extracts from marine species of the Cuban coast-line belonging to the phylla Chordata, Echinodermata, Annelida, Mollusca, Cnidaria, Porifera, Chlorophyta and Magnoliophyta. Isolation of the inhibitor(More)
Calpains are a large family of Ca2+-dependent cysteine proteases that are ubiquitously distributed across most cell types and vertebrate species. Calpains play a role in cell differentiation, apoptosis, cytoskeletal remodeling, signal transduction and the cell cycle. The cell cycle proteins cyclin D1 and p21(KIP1), for example, have been shown to be(More)
Activity-based proteomics is a methodology that is used to quantify the catalytically active subfraction of enzymes present in complex mixtures such as lysates or living cells. To apply this approach for in-cell selectivity profiling of inhibitors of serine proteases, we designed a novel activity-based probe (ABP). This ABP consists of (i) a(More)