Shirley Cavalcante Vasconcelos Komninakis

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate differences in HIV disease progression in patients infected with HIV subtype B with a GPGR motif in the V3 loop region (B-GPGR) versus the Brazilian subtype B variant with a GWGR motif (B'-GWGR). MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were enrolled in an ongoing cohort study at the University of São Paulo(More)
INTRODUCTION The Brazilian variant of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 (HIV-1) subtype B (serotype B'-GWGR) has a tryptophan replacing a proline in position 328 of the HIV-1 envelope, a feature that may induce a different HIV disease progression. We aimed to evaluate the role of the B subtypes of HIV-1 (serotypes B-GPGR and B'-GWGR) on HIV disease(More)
INTRODUCTION In Brazil, the use of antiretrovirals is widespread: more than 260,000 individuals are currently undergoing treatment. We conducted a survey targeting antiretroviral-naïve individuals who were initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) according to local guidelines. This survey covered five Brazilian regions. METHODS The HIV Threshold Survey(More)
We studied the presence of primary resistance to raltegravir (RAL), natural polymorphisms, and selection pressure on HIV-1 integrase. We found a high frequency of integrase polymorphisms related to the resistance to RAL and sequence stability. Further studies are needed to determine the importance of these polymorphisms to RAL resistance.
Continuous long-term treatment is recommended to reduce the hepatitis B virus (HBV) viral load. However, as a consequence, resistance mutations can emerge and be transmitted to other individuals. The polymerase (POL) gene overlaps the surface (S) gene. Thus, during treatment, mutations in the POL gene may lead to changes in hepatitis B surface antigen(More)
The purpose of the present study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of V3 enzyme immunoassay (solid phase EIA and EIA inhibition) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) with the DNA sequencing "gold standard" to identify the Brazilian HIV-1 variants of subtype B and B"-GWGR. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected from 61(More)
OBJECTIVES Up- and down-regulation of inflammatory response was described in blood cells from septic patients, according to the stage of sepsis and the cells evaluated. This study aimed to evaluate the Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and neutrophils in patients throughout the different(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the influence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype on the course of disease in patients coinfected with HBV and hepatitis delta virus (HDV). METHODS We evaluated HBV genotypes in 190 patients, 140 of whom had chronic HBV monoinfection and 50 of whom had chronic HBV-HDV coinfection. Real-time polymerase chain reactions for the(More)
The Brazilian variant of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype B, (serotype B"-GWGR), has a tryptophan replacing the proline in position 328 the HIV-1 envelope. A longer median time period from infection to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) for serotype B (B"-GWGR) infected subjects compared to the B-GPGR US/European strain was(More)
We analyzed the gp41 sequences of 80 HIV-infected enfuvirtide-naive individuals who were eligible to receive this antiretroviral according to Brazilian guidelines. We analyzed the genetic diversity of pol and the heptad repeat 1 and 2 (HR1 and HR2) regions of gp41, and compared the genetic profile of HR1 and HR2 found in PBMCs with the profile found in(More)