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The role of apoptosis in acetaminophen (AAP)-induced hepatic injury was investigated. Six hours after AAP administration to BALB/c mice, a significant loss of hepatic mitochondrial cytochrome c was observed that was similar in extent to the loss observed after in vivo activation of CD95 by antibody treatment. AAP-induced loss of mitochondrial cytochrome c(More)
BACKGROUND Unrelated individuals (n = 242) were interviewed directly for the presence of migraine, anxiety disorders, and major depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS The data described in this study are derived from a clinical genetic relational database that was developed initially for the genetic analysis of migraine. Genotyping of the DRD2 NcoI C to T(More)
The effects, over periods from 3 days to 9 months of administration, of diets containing di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate are very similar to those observed in rats administered diets containing hypolipidemic drugs such as clofibrate. Changes occur in a characteristic order commencing with alterations in the distribution of lipid within the liver, quickly followed(More)
Groups of male and groups of female Wistar albino rats were administered diets containing sufficient di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) to ensure intakes of either 1000, 200, or 50 mg/kg/day. Four rats from each experimental group and six control rats of the same sex were killed 3, 7, 14, and 28 days and 9 months after commencement of treatment. At all time(More)
This study compares changes in the livers of rats treated with di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and its straight-chain analogs di(n-hexyl) phthalate (DnHP) and di(n-octyl phthalate (DnOP). Groups of rats were fed diets containing 20,000 ppm of one of these compounds. Subgroups were killed after 3, 10, and 21 days, and the livers were examined by(More)
AIM We describe a training programme for non-specialists in focused echocardiography in the periresuscitation setting which represents an entry level in echocardiography training (FEEL) for emergency and critical care medicine physicians. METHODS A prospective observational study based upon the development of a periresuscitation echocardiography training(More)
Treatment of rats for periods of 3 months or longer with the hypolipidaemic drugs clofibrate and fenofibrate or with the plasticiser di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate causes alterations in the thyroid. The colloid is shrunken and contains calcium-rich inclusions. Electron microscopy shows increases in the number and size of lysosomes, hypertrophy of the Golgi(More)
Treatment of rats with hypolipidaemic drugs or with the plasticizer di-2-ethyl hexyl phthalate caused significant alterations in the concentration of certain plasma proteins. Certain proteins showed dose-dependent increases, in other cases the plasma concentrations fell in treated animals. The changes were quite distinct from the changes in plasma proteins(More)
Postural instability and falls in the elderly patient constitute a major health care problem. The etiology is often multifactorial, involving abnormal sensory input (visual, vestibular, and somatosensory), poor central processing, and suboptimal musculoskeletal biomechanics. Estrogen replacement therapy has been shown to prevent Alzheimer's disease and to(More)
The pathogenesis of coeliac disease has been investigated by studying the response of small intestinal hydrolases in patients with coeliac disease subject to gluten challenge. Small intestinal biopsies taken before and two and a half hours after a gluten challenge in five patients with coeliac disease who had been maintained on a gluten free diet were(More)