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In 2001, Canada's National Advisory Committee on Immunization endorsed a meningococcal serogroup C conjugate vaccine, which appears to provide durable serogroup-specific immunity while reducing nasopharyngeal carriage. With reference to direct and indirect effects on case occurrence, we sought to evaluate recent trends in the incidence of invasive… (More)
Legionella species are increasingly recognized as a cause of both healthcare- and community-acquired pneumonia (so-called "Legionnaire's disease"). These pathogens are ubiquitous in the environment, but environmental factors in the occurrence of sporadic legionellosis remain poorly understood. We analyzed all legionellosis cases identified in the Greater… (More)
This study utilized the Bordetella pertussis single-copy PCR target BP3385 as a means of confirming IS481 PCR-positive reactions with cycle threshold (C(T)) values of >35. IS481 PCRs with C(T) values of >35 cycles may represent PCR conditions where there is <1 CFU of B. pertussis per PCR.
Neisseria meningitidis has been relatively slow to acquire resistance to penicillin. We previously reported an increase in the incidence of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) strains with decreased susceptibility to penicillin (DSP) in Ontario. Our objectives were to evaluate trends in IMD with DSP, to identify case-level predictors of IMD with DSP, and… (More)
Enterococcus faecalis G1-0247 (vancomycin MIC, 16 microg/ml) was found to harbor a vanG operon 99% identical to the vanG operon in E. faecalis BM4518. E. faecalis N03-0233 (vancomycin MIC, 16 microg/ml) was found to harbor a novel vanG operon, vanG2, on an element in a different chromosomal location than the vanG-harboring elements in G1-0247 and BM4518.
One hundred two isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) randomly selected from across the Canadian province of Ontario were tested for their susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and nalidixic acid by the agar dilution method. Forty-nine percent (50 of 102) had high levels of resistance to these quinolone compounds. For the 50… (More)
We describe an outbreak, in a community of men who have sex with men, of serogroup C meningococcal disease caused by a genetic variant of the serotype 2a ET-15 Neisseria meningitidis characterized by a point mutation in the gene coding for the serotype 2a antigen. A microbiological characterization of the outbreak strain is presented in this report.
OBJECTIVE To characterize Bordetella pertussis isolates in Ontario, Canada in order to understand the clonal diversity of strains present in this province. METHODS A total of 521 isolates from the period 1998-2006 were analyzed by serotyping, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and DNA sequencing of their virulence factors of pertactin, fimbriae 3,… (More)